Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women’s lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and the woman is no longer able to have children. Menopause typically occurs between 45 and 55 years of age. Medical professionals often define menopause as having occurred when a woman has not had any vaginal bleeding for a year. It may also be defined by a decrease in hormone production by the ovaries. In those who have had surgery to remove the uterus but still have ovaries, menopause may be viewed to have occurred at the time of the surgery or when hormone levels fall. Following the removal of the uterus, symptoms typically occur earlier, at an average of 45 years of age.
Before menopause, a woman’s periods typically become irregular, which means that periods may be longer or shorter in duration, or be lighter or heavier in terms of the amount of flow. During this time, women often experience hot flashes; these typically last from 30 seconds to ten minutes, and may be associated with shivering, sweating and reddening of the skin. Hot flashes often stop occurring after a year or two. Other symptoms may include vaginal dryness, trouble sleeping, and mood changes. The severity of symptoms varies between women. While menopause is often thought to be linked to an increase in heart disease, this primarily occurs due to increasing age and does not have a direct relationship with menopause. In some women, problems that were previously present like endometriosis or painful periods will improve after menopause.
Menopause is usually a natural change. It can occur earlier in those who smoke tobacco. Other causes include surgery that removes both ovaries, or some types of chemotherapy. At the physiological level, menopause happens because of a decrease in the ovaries’ production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. While typically not needed, a diagnosis of menopause can be confirmed by measuring hormone levels in either the blood or urine. Menopause is the opposite of menarche, the time at which a girl’s periods start.
Menopause is a condition in which women do not have menstruation for one year. A gradual transitioning to menopause is characterized by changing the length of the menstrual cycle. During menopause, the ovaries stop their function. They are located in the female pelvis and have the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and female hormones – estrogen.
These hormones control breast growth, shape of the body, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and others. Estrogens also protect the bones, which in turn, prompts that women may develop osteoporosis, later in their life (when the ovaries stop producing normal amounts of estrogen).
- 1 Menopause and its Natural treatment
- 1.1 When women go through menopause?
- 1.2 What affects the onset of menopause?
- 1.3 Menopause – signs and symptoms
- 1.4 How does menopause affects chronic diseases?
- 1.5 Alternative therapies for treatment of menopause
- 1.6 Treatment of menopause with herbs
- 1.7 The magic berry – sesame. What do we know about it?
Menopause and its Natural treatment
When women go through menopause?
The average age is about 51 years, but it is very difficult to predict symptoms, when a woman will enter menopause. The age at which girls begin menstruation has nothing to do with the age, at which menopause will occur. Most women reach menopause at the age of 45-55, but it can also occur earlier (30-40 years), or up to 60 years of age.
What affects the onset of menopause?
1. Ovary removal surgery
The removal of the ovaries of a woman in ovulation, lead to immediate onset of menopause, also called surgical menopause.
A common practice is to remove the ovaries along with the uterus.
If a woman has their uterus removed, they cannot have menstruation, but their ovaries may continue to produce hormones until menopause occurs. At that time, we can see other typical symptoms of menopause – hot flashes and mood swings.
2. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy (cancer)
In this situation, menopausal symptoms may occur during cancer treatment or months thereafter.
3. Prematurely ovarian failure
It is associated with menopause before 40 years of age. This condition is related to only one percent of women. It’s not clear what is the reason, but it is believed that it may be associated with autoimmune diseases, or genetic and hereditary factors.
Menopause – signs and symptoms
It is individual, but some women may experience a little, or no symptoms, while others experience many physical and psychological symptoms. It is important to note that the signs can appear and disappear through a prolonged period of time. It is strictly individual. Below are some of the most common symptoms:
1. Irregular menstrual bleeding
It can occur during menopause and some women may have minor problems (especially during perimenopause, it is a transitional period before menopause), while others may have excessive bleeding. Menstruation may appear more frequently or have an extended cycle before menopause. There is no “normal” pattern of bleeding during perimenopause.
A woman can have irregular periods for years, before menopause occurs. However, it is a good idea to visit a doctor to determine, whether irregular bleeding is result of perimenopause, and it’s not some disease. Menstrual abnormalities during perimenopause, are associated with decreased fertility, because ovulation is irregular. Women still should not despair, because despite menopause, they can get pregnant until they haven’t reached the “real” menopause.
Vaginal wall ulcer could also be the reason for bleeding. Woman should check with the doctor in case of internal pain in vaginal walls or bleeding.
2. Hot flashes and night sweats
They are typical of women entering menopause. Hot flashes, spreading throughout the body are expressed, most often in the head and chest. They last from 30 seconds to several minutes and can be followed by redness. It is assumed, that the cause of hot flashes due to the combination of hormonal and biochemical fluctuations, because of the reduction of female hormone-estrogen.
Hot flashes occur in 40% of women, who have regular menstrual period, when they reach the age of forty. There have been rare cases (about ten percent) when hot flashes may continue for about ten years. The average duration of hot flushes is about 5 years. Sometimes hot flashes may be accompanied by sweating.
3. Vaginal changes
They appear as a result of a reduction in hormone levels, in which the lining of the vagina becomes thin and elastic. Symptoms may include:
- vaginal dryness
- itching or irritation
- pain during sex
Vaginal changes may lead to a greater risk of vaginal infections.
4. Urinary symptoms
They appear as the lining of the urethra also undergoes changes (as in the vagina). Reducing the amount of female hormones cause it. Mucous becomes dry and prone to urinary tract infections. Women then feel the need to urinate frequently. Leakage can be caused by stress when coughing, laughing or lifting heavy objects.
5. Emotional and cognitive symptoms
They occurr during perimenopause and include fatigue, memory problems, irritability and mood swings. It is difficult to determine what exactly is due to hormonal changes during menopause. Many women may have other changes in their lives during and after menopause, which can cause these symptoms.
6. Other important physical changes
Along with menopause many women complain of weight gain. Other changes that may occur during menopause are:
- changes in the structure of the skin
- wrinkles or acne
- appearance of hair on the chin, upper lip, chest or abdomen
How does menopause affects chronic diseases?
Bone density begins to reduce in women when they are close to 40s, but during menopause this process accelerates. The process that leads to osteoporosis can flow underground for years.
2. Heart diseases
At menopause, risk of stroke and heart diseases increases. The risk of coronary artery disease increases by 2 to 3 times, rather than in women, who have not reached menopause.
Alternative therapies for treatment of menopause
To increase levels of female hormones (an estrogen) you should eat more plants that contain estrogenic substances:
- soybeans, soy sprouts, crushed flaxseed, garlic, green beans, sesame, wheat, pumpkin seeds, cucumber, corn, apples, seeds of anise, cabbage, beets, olive oil, olives, papaya, oats, peas, sunflower seeds
Treatment of menopause with herbs
For treatment of menopause we can use following herbs, in the form of a tea or an infusion:
St. John’s wort – add 2-3 teaspoons of this herb to 500ml boiling water. Drink 2-3 times a day. The herb is useful in short term (2 years or less), for the treatment of mild to moderate depression in women (when used in doses of less than 1.2 milligrams per day).
Black cohosh – add 2 teaspoons of the herb to 500ml boiling water. Drink 2-3 times a day. It may be useful in the short term (6 months or less) for the treatment of hot flashes and night sweats.
Stonecrop / woll pepper / – 1-2 teaspoons finely chopped herb are poured with 2 cups boiling water. Strain after 10 minutes. Drink for one whole day by small sips (under medical control only).
Evening primrose – prepare a decoction of 1-2 tablespoons of the herb, and then add it in a boiling water. Srain and drink after 15 minutes. It is used in chest pain and impact on hot flashes during menopause.
Valerian root – add 2-3 drops of essential oil of valerian root in a glass of water, and drink.
Ginseng – prepare herb tea – 2-3 tablespoons of the herb is added to 500ml of boiling water. Drink 2-3 times a day. Ginseng helps to relieve stress and increases immunity. According to some studies, it relieves hot flashes and strengthen the overall situation.
The magic berry – sesame. What do we know about it?
Magic berry called sesame, cure many diseases, including menstrual problems:
- adds energy to the kidneys, which can affect the quality of the bone (osteoporosis ), also formation of blood (anemia)
- increases the quantity and quality of sperm (male infertility)
- affects the quality of hair, its growth also affects the hearing
- prevention and treatment of constipation, also in dry cough
- sesame should be daily addition to the diet of women in menopause – during hot flushes, sweating, insomnia, palpitations, weakness
- in women with premature and strong menstruation
- in people with excessive sweating, hyperactivity, tendency to increased blood pressure, heart disease, brain problems
- sesame oil is used for earache, skin burns, as applied with a cotton swab.
- lowers high temperature, just smear the skin with sesame oil
- increases lifespan