yeast infection female treatment

Yeast infection is very common. When your vagina is healthy it would contain some bacteria and yeast cells, this isn’t something that happens in a pathological condition only. But in normal conditions, these bacteria and yeast are present in a particular, fixed amount or we can say they are balanced. So, when this balance of bacteria and yeast changes, these yeast cells are capable of multiplying, meaning, their number increases by a lot, this will cause the infection or irritation such as itching, swelling, discomfort, and rashes of all kinds.

Another very prominent issue women complain about is swelling around the vagina, as it causes pain in these areas due to every normal activity. This may also lead to a burning sensation, especially during urination, so every time you urinate, you will feel a kind of pain that will be very uncomfortable and alleviated. This sort of feeling/ sensation may also occur while you’re having sexual intercourse, causing problems in that sector of your life, which will cause you to have mood swings, etc.

Yeast infection

yeast infection woman

Symptoms of Yeast infection

How Yeast Infections occur

Yeast infections are mainly caused by yeast-like fungus named Candida or Monilia. This fungus is a normal resident of your body. Usually, your body’s immunity keeps this fungus under control. It causes infection if you are sick or taking any antibiotics.

Yeast infection can happen for a lot of reasons, including:

  1. When you take an antibiotic medication that’s treating an infection of any type—a urinary tract infection (UTI) is one example. While treating this infection, good bacteria in the vagina is killed. This good bacteria was responsible for keeping the yeast in check. Without it, the balance is thrown off, leading to a yeast infection.
  2. During pregnancy and while using hormonal contraceptives (birth control). Your hormones can be all over the charts during pregnancy. This change in your hormones can disrupt the balance of candida in the vagina.
  3. If you have diabetes. When you have diabetes, there is too much sugar in your urine and the vagina is impacted by this surplus of sugar.
  4. Having a weakened immune system. If you have a pre-existing disease that negatively impact your immunity.
  5. If you frequently indulge in unprotected group sex and orgy.

yeast infection causes

Yeast organisms are always present in all people, but are usually prevented from “overgrowth” by naturally occurring microorganisms.

At least three quarters of all women will experience candidiasis at some point in their lives. The Candida albicans organism is found in the vaginas of almost all women and normally causes no problems.

However, when it gets out of balance with the other “normal flora”, such as lactobacilli, which can also be harmed by using douches, an overgrowth and symptoms can result. The use of oral contraceptives and some antibiotics, and diabetes mellitus can lead to an increased incidence in yeast infections.

The most common symptoms are itching and irritation of the vagina and/or vulva, and a whitish or whitish-gray discharge that may have a “yeasty” smell like beer or baking bread.


It may resemble cottage cheese.

Many women mistake the symptoms of the more common bacterial vaginosis for a yeast infection. In a 2002 study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, only 33 percent of women who were self treating for a yeast infection actually had a yeast infection. Instead they had either bacterial vaginosis or a mixed-type infection. Currently, bacterial vaginosis can only be diagnosed during a doctor’s visit.

As discussed before, Yeast Infection is a fungal infection of any of the Candida species, of which Candida albicans is probably the most common. Nothing to worry about, this is common occurrence and easily curable.

Yeast Infection Remedies

Candidiasis is alleged to be successfully treated either with home remedies or, in the case of a more severe infection, with either over the counter or prescription antifungal medications. Home remedies for candidiasis include the consumption or direct application of yogurt, which contains lactobacillus, “friendly” bacteria that kill yeast, acidophilus tablets or salves, and even lightly crushed cloves of garlic, which yield allicin, an antifungal.

Boric acid has also been used to treat yeast infections when gelcaps are filled with boric acid powder and two are inserted at bedtime for three to four nights.

Another remedy is to douche with a weak mix of “Baking” soda in water (1 teaspoon to 1 cup).

Baking soda is alkaline and changes the vagina’s acidity temporarily to a higher alkaline environment in which candida cannot survive.

While home remedies can offer relief in minor cases of infection, seeking medical attention can be necessary because the extent of the infection sometimes cannot be judged well by the sufferer. Prescription medication is often the only solution to an infection; the antifungal drugs commonly used to treat candidiasis are topical clotrimazole, topical nystatin, fluconazole, topical ketoconazole. In severe infections, generally in hospitalized patients, amphotericin B, caspofungin, or voriconazole may be used. These medications are not effective against the more common bacterial vaginosis.

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