Pakistan is in poor health and sanitary infrastructure. This is especially true in rural regions of the country. Over 19% of the population retained Pakistan 17% compared to the average for developing countries are malnourished. Surprisingly, 30% of the child population under 5 years of age are undernourished! Some of the leading causes of illness and death are gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, tuberculosis, congenital malformations, malaria and typhoid.According to UN estimates, AIDS is the only major health concerns, we could start to curb the form of an epidemic. Last year, there were only 68 doctors per 100,000 Pakistanis. By this year, the country had 12,501 health institutions, including 4590 pharmacies, 906 hospitals and a total of 80,665 hospital beds. The rural areas had only 550 health centers, with a total of 8840 beds. But it is said, it is encouraging to see that the Pakistani government is the cause of a healthier and well cared for people committed. This is demonstrated particularly by the new health, nutrition, and population guidelines established by the Government’s National Health Policy Guidelines issued in 2010. One of the redeeming aspects of this promising initiative is the introduction of a lady health workers (LHW). A community-based service, this program aims to give information about health issues, basic Health care tips and family planning counseling for women in Pakistan. Currently, there are 3,000 women as LHWs in their communities. While there have been many health-related plans of the government are implemented, a health problem that is still a major cause of concern for women in Pakistan, the high neonatal and maternal mortality.
The developed countries have been successful in reducing the number of deaths among pregnant women by providing information and the training of nurses, midwives, some developing countries are not in a position to do so. Although the exact maternal and neonatal mortality among women in Pakistan are not available, it is generally assumed that the interest rate could be around 30-50%) (or higher. If the factors that could contribute to this high mortality are controlled, a reduction in the neonatal mortality rate is likely to come down significantly. Dr Uzma Ahmedi stated “…still there are many Muslim men who stick to medieval Islamic practice of denying medication from the hands of male doctors following orders of clerics. We need to educate them a lot. This causes deaths of more women during pregnancy and serious ailments.”
With its location and trained nurses or midwives for deliveries and other women, female health in Pakistan would significantly help to lower mortality and better health of women in the country as well as child population. Maternal and neonatal health issues are widespread and complicated because of frequent births. Shocking as it may seem, but one of 38 women dies during childbirth. The infant mortality rate is no better and is 101 deaths per 1,000 children, and for those under 5 years have higher Mortality at 140 deaths per 1,000 births. These figures are far above the average for developing countries by 60% and 36%. Although more and more men and women in Pakistan use contraceptives, the rate of fertility is still high and there is an average of 5.3 births per woman with the population growth rate is much higher than elsewhere in South Asia.