A pimple, or zit is a kind of comedo and one of the many results of excess oil getting trapped in the pores. Some of the varieties are pustules or papules. Pimples can be treated by various acne medications prescribed by a physician, or purchased at a pharmacy with a wide variety of treatments.
Inside the pore are sebaceous glands which produce sebum. When the outer layers of skin shed (as they do continuously), the dead skin cells left behind may become ‘glued’ together by the sebum. This causes the blockage in the pore, especially when the skin becomes thicker at puberty. The sebaceous glands produce more sebum which builds up behind the blockage, and this sebum harbours various bacteria including the species Propionibacterium acnes, causing infection and inflammation.
Practicing good hygiene, including regularly washing skin areas with neutral cleansers, can reduce the amount of dead skin cells and other external contaminants on the skin that can contribute to the development of pimples. However, it is not always possible to completely prevent pimples, even with good hygiene practices.
As far as skin conditions go, acne (pimple) is by far the most common disaster to strike the face and body. When pores and oil glands get clogged, the result is a pimple. Depending on the cause of this highly unwanted blemish, there could be pimples popping up everywhere; no one is safe from their unsightly nature. In a lifetime, we will have all encountered an outbreak or two, and what’s worse is pimples have a real knack for appearing during all the wrong times: prom; weddings; job interviews; school pictures; and first dates.
According to medical science, pimple occurs when the pores of your skin become blocked with oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Each pore of your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle is made up of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland.
Pimple (Zit) Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies
What are Pimples?
When hairs, sebum, and skin cells group together, they may form a plug, which serves as a breeding ground for bacteria. Soon, swelling sets in and as the plug starts to “break down,” the result is an unattractive pimple. There are no age limitations when it comes to pimples. While teenagers and young adults suffer a greater chance of reoccurrence, there are some individuals who never lose their susceptibility. Men and women in their 50s and 60s may still show signs of acne outbreaks.
While there are many different kinds of pimples, the most common types you may encounter, include:
Pimples that remain under the surface of the skin.
Pimples that appear on the surface of the skin and have a black appearance. Sometimes, individuals have mistaken their formation as a direct result of dirty skin, but this is not the case.
Small lumps that are tender to the touch, which are pink in color.
These distinct pimples are red at the bottom and contain a visible amount of pus on top.
These pimples are rather large and painful, found deep in the skin. They are also solid to the touch.
When these deeply seeded pimples appear, scarring may occur. This type of pimple is quite painful and filled with pus.
The signs of pimples are unmistakable and may appear on the face, neck, shoulders, back, or chest. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most common type of pimples you will encounter. Additional signs or symptoms associated with the pimple include:
Blemishes on the face can be quite painful because of the pressure associated with clogged pores.
Pus is a sign associated with an infected pimple. Pustules, nodules, and cysts most commonly bring about this symptom.
When pus-filled pimples appear on the body and face, there is a chance that scarring may occur. This outcome is often helped along when an individual doesn’t properly care for their face. Picking at and squeezing infected pimples only increase the chances of suffering scars.
d) Extreme Redness:
Infected pimples, such as pustules, nodules, and cysts display rather red features.
Pimples form when skin pores become blocked. There are numerous factors associated with the cause of pimples that you may or may not have already heard of. Some of these causes can be managed through lifestyle changes and healthy hygiene habits, while others simply lead to an unfortunate luck of the draw. Below you will find a list of possible pimple causes:
As if being a teenager wasn’t hard enough, the raging hormones in the body increase during this time in a young man or woman’s life. This increase is responsible for the higher incidence of clogged oil glands, which cause an outbreak of pimples. The final result: every teenager’s nightmare – acne.
The hormones of a woman run wild during pregnancy, prompting changes in the body that produce pimples.
c) Birth Control Pills:
When starting a new form of birth control pill or stopping their use altogether, some products have been known to cause pimples. If this is a concern for you, asking your gynecologist to help you select pills that do not have this side effect is recommended.
d) Menstruation Cycles:
Teenage girls and adult women are at risk for pimples as they approach the start of their next period. This is when hormone levels start to fluctuate.
Some prescription drugs are known to cause blemishes on the face, neck, and back.
The type of makeup you put on your face can clog your pores, which could lead to an acne outbreak. When selecting cosmetics, you should seek out hypoallergenic items, as well as non-greasy or oily beauty products.
Family trees are pretty strong and if your parents had their fair share of pimples in the past, chances are you will too.
Now that you know the main causes of pimples, you should also familiarize yourself with some of the factors that makes this condition worse. Wearing tight clothing or head gear, such as bike helmets and sweaty bandannas could apply too much pressure for your pores to handle. In times of high humidity and pollution levels, pores may also suffer when you spend too much time outdoors.
Pimple Home Remedies and Ayurveda
Pimples have been known to positively react to the addition of niacin (100 mg; three times per day), and vitamin A to a diet. 400 mg of vitamin E taken once per day also works wonders. You may also take 50mg of therapeutic zinc in tablet or capsule form (three times per day).
A useful paste can be created from the leaves of this vegetable, which is then applied to the face before you retire each night. At the start of the morning, the paste should be washed off using warm water. Pimples, especially blackheads are treated with this home remedy.
c) Orange Peel:
When orange peels are pounded and combined with water, an effective home treatment for pimples is created. Apply to affected areas and watch the results.
Apply lemon juice to pimples to reduce their size and intensity.
If you rub raw garlic on problem areas several times a day, you can clear up skin. You may also eat three seeds of raw garlic once daily for a month to see results. The garlic seeds purify the blood, which aids in keeping pimples at bay.
f) Coriander and Mint Juice:
A helpful herbal remedy for pimples includes the mixing of one teaspoon of coriander juice, combined with a pinch of turmeric powder. Every night, after thoroughly washing the face, apply the juice for an effective home remedy. Mint juice may also replace the coriander for this home treatment for pimples.
g) Hot Epsom Salts Bath:
It is believed that a hot Epsom salts bath taken two times per week will ease all cases of acne.
a) Practice Clean Skin Habits:
Keeping the skin well cleansed will deter the formation of pimples. Using a mild cleanser at the start of your day, in the evening, and before bed is recommended. Avoid scrubbing your skin, which has the potential to make matters worse.
b) Keep Your Hands Off:
Touching your skin passes extra dirt, oil, bacteria, and grime that can trigger acne and other skin irritations. Also, if you see a pimple start to form, you should refrain from squeezing, pinching, or picking.
c) Shave With Caution:
The way you shave can also irritate the skin to provoke pimples to form. Depending on your skin sensitivity, you may have to find a balance between electric and safety razors.
d) Read All Skin Care Labels:
When purchasing skin care products, you should be on the lookout for words, such as “oil-free,” “greaseless,” “hypoallergenic,” and “noncomedogenic”