Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is a learning disability characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence. Different people are affected to varying degrees. Problems may include difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, “sounding out” words in the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud, and understanding what one reads. Often these difficulties are first noticed at school. When someone who previously could read loses their ability, it is known as alexia. The difficulties are involuntary and people with this disorder have normal desire to learn.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Dyslexia has cropped up as a common problem among children across the globe. This is precisely a language-based learning disorder that can cause difficulties with the following activities among children:
- Spelling alphabets
- Fluency in reading
- Word recognition
Early diagnosis of dyslexia is very helpful. Hence, you need to keep tabs on signs and symptoms of early signs of dyslexia in children.
Usually, common symptoms of dyslexia include the following listed below:
- Slow development of speech
- Problems with judging directions
- Difficulty understanding sequences
- Poor reading skills
- Bad handwriting and difficulty in improving it
- Poor organization abilities
- Poor memory related to non-relevant facts
More specifically, the following are common signs of dyslexia at different ages among children.
Dyslexia in Preschoolers
This may sound a little strange but preschoolers (2-4 years of age) may also show signs of dyslexia. Some of the major signs shown by these kids include:
- Constant switching from left to right hand (especially when coloring, drawing, or writing)
- Difficulty in learning to write and improving handwriting skills
- Not being able to tie shoe laces
- Difficulty in pronouncing words with three or more syllables
- Difficulty in speaking rhyming words
- Problem in pronouncing specific alphabets; “M,” “N,” “R,” and “L”
- Stuttering and difficulty in speaking
Sometime children of this age write letters or words backwards. However, this isn’t a sign of dyslexia. Letter reversals and writing words backwards is common among children at the age of learning.
Dyslexia in Elementary School Kids (Kindergarten through 8th grade)
A lot of children are diagnosed with dyslexia in elementary school. This is precisely when they start to struggle in school as compared to their peers. So if you notice that your child inverting numbers such as recognizing 62 as 26 or 13 as 31, it is time to take him to a pediatrician and get the problem diagnosed.
Common Signs of Dyslexia in Children aged 6 to 12
- Difficulty in telling the time
- Weak in spelling
- Poor handwriting abilities that fails to increase with time
- Slow, disrupted reading
- Committing mistakes in reading time and again
- Struggles with concepts related to mathematics and related concepts
- Difficulty finding the correct words to expressing themselves
- Mispronunciation of common terms and words used in daily life
- Difficulty in remembering telephone numbers or a series of numbers
- Untidy lockers
- Messy bedrooms and bags
Regardless of whether the signs become apparent at age the tender age of 5 or age 8, most doctors would advise you take action the moment as observe symptoms. The longer a disability is left without suitable medical interventions the more time the child may lose. The child may also suffer from strength and self confidence with the presence disorder.