When it comes to infertility and becoming pregnant, it is typically the female who will first seek professional help to deal with the inability to conceive. That may be because in our society it is commonly the woman who carries the burden of responsibility when it comes to conception, pregnancy and childbirth.
It is usually the female who tries to “correct” the problem and is evaluated and tested before the male partner is ever involved. That is usually a last ditch effort to find the fertility problem. However, according to statistics, it is male infertility in forty to fifty percent of the cases of couples facing infertility issues.
There are many explanations for male infertility. They can be anything from lifestyle and family history to medical issues or testicular injuries. Some common problems associated with male fertility are hypogonadism and varicocele or azoopermia, which can typically be treated depending on the severity. Studies show males who smoke cigarettes or marijuana or consume large amounts of alcohol tend to have reduced sperm counts and a lower quality of sperm.
Another study suggests that males who have taken certain antidepressant drugs had lower sperm counts as well. There are also other studies that have linked obesity with reduced or lower sperm counts. Issues with family history can also cause infertility.
Yet another family related cause may be the use of certain medicines or drugs by the effected male’s mother during her pregnancy with him. Some studies point towards environmental exposures, such as radiation exposure or excessive heat, as playing a role in reproductive health.
If corrections are needed, then the good news is that there are many surgical procedures and medications available to help with complications of infertility and trying to conceive. The male partner will usually be examined by a specialist and/or a urologist as well. The doctor will want to test the quality of the man’s sperm to determine the sperm count and the rate of mobility.
If there is some sort of a blockage, then that has a good chance of it being treated and fixed. In the case where sperm is not abundant in the semen, the doctor can actually go into the tubes and retrieve sperm through a medical procedure. There are other causes as well, but most can be solved with the use of fertility drugs.
As medical science has advanced, the treatments that are available for infertility and the inability to conceive have allowed couples to become more and more successful at getting pregnant. The stigma of infertility has also been taken off the women’s shoulders, as it is now becoming clear that men can have infertility problems as well.
Now many couples are taking the infertility issue head on as a couple and no one is getting the blame. Once you take away the stigma of blame, it makes for more open communication and a healthier relationship.