Garlic is scientifically known as Allium sativum and belongs to the Alliaceae family. Other well-known foods from similar segment include onions, shallots and leeks. Garlic is commonly used around the world for both culinary and medicinal purposes. Garlic is known as ‘Lassan’ in Hindi and is commonly used in curry preparations, chutneys, etc in India. Garlic has a pungent taste and odour.
Garlic is used world-wide in folk medicines and one of the common ailments for which it is used is Diabetes. Modern science has now given us proofs that garlic can indeed be useful in the management of Diabetes.
When tested, Garlic has been shown to help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s Disease in Mice.
Benefits of Garlic
Anti-bacterial and Anti-fungal properties of garlic have been now proven. Specifically,
- Bacteria such as E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, etc have been shown to be susceptible to garlic.
- Trichophyton (a fungal species which causes Ringworm) and Candida have been shown to be susceptible to garlic oil.
- In humans, consumption of garlic has been shown to stimulate the immune response which can be beneficial in disease management.
- Garlic extract can inhibit oral pathogens and help in gum disease management.
- Garlic has been proven to be effective against bacteria which cause Pneumonia.
- Due to the anti-bacterial nature of garlic, it can be used as a natural food preservative.
Garlic can be an effective treatment for atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a process in which fatty substances, cholesterol, minerals and waste products get accumulated in arteries causing blockages.
Use of garlic by patients suffering from coronary artery disease is beneficial because garlic helps reduce heart rate.
In test rats, use of oil extract of garlic, prevented bone mineral loss commonly associated with ovarian hormone deficiency. And that helped in developing medicines around OHD.
Use of garlic has been shown to be inversely related with cancer.
Garlic has been shown to regulate hyperthyroidism in rats.
In rats exposed to high levels of lead, garlic proved to be beneficial in reducing the levels of lead in tissues.
Garlic extract was effective in preventing chromosomal mutations in various studies.
Garlic can be used as a therapeutic agent in preventing complications associated with Sickle- Cell Anemia. To learn more about Sickle-cell Anemia.
Garlic has been shown to have spermicidal activity (ability to kill sperms).