What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is blood sugar is high chaotic is unusual because the body does not produce enough insulin l ‘. Normally, levels of blood glucose are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. The insulin lowers blood glucose levels. When a student blood glucose, insulin is secreted by the pancreas to normalize blood sugar. In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causes high blood sugar. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults non-elderly, the leading cause of non-traumatic amputation in adults, and diabetic kidney disease is the leading kidney disease requiring dialysis the USA. Therefore, insulin deficiency or insensitivity of its receptors plays a central role in all forms of diabetes mellitus.

Grave or recurrent pancreatitis and other diseases that directly damage the pancreas can lead to diabetes. As indicated above, in patients with diabetes, insulin is either absent, relatively insufficient for the needs of the body, or not used properly by the body. All these factors cause high levels of glucose in the blood. People with diabetes May experience numerous and serious, long-term complications. Some of these complications begin in the months following the onset of diabetes, although most tend to develop after a few years. Most complications are progressive. High levels of blood sugar spill glucose in urine. People with diabetes often develop bacterial and fungal infections, typically of the skin. When sugar levels in the blood are high, white blood cells can not fight effectively against infections.

Diabetes can cause many complications. The strong can prevent complications if the disease is not adequately controlled. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by disordered metabolism and too high blood sugar is caused by low levels of the hormone insulin or abnormal insulin resistance effects associated with inadequate secretion insulin to compensate. Diabetes is also an important factor in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries, which leads to strokes, heart disease and other major diseases of the blood vessels. This is known as macrovascular disease. The characteristic symptoms are excessive production of urine, excessive thirst and increased liquid, and blurred vision. These symptoms may be absent if blood sugar is slightly elevated. Poor healing of wounds, especially feet, can lead to gangrene, requiring amputation May.

Diabetes mellitus is now an old type of illness, did not address, and the medical service must be essential to the emphasis is to avoid possible short-and long-term problems associated with diabetes. Diabetes screening is recommended for many people in various stages of life, and for those with one or more risk factors. The test varies depending on circumstances and local policies, May and be a random blood glucose, a fasting blood sugar test or a more formal test of glucose tolerance. An adequate treatment of diabetes, and putting more emphasis on blood pressure control and lifestyle, May improve the risk profile of complications above. Another treatment option is the use of insulin pump with some of the most popular pump brands: Cozmo, animas, Medtronic MiniMed and omnipod.

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