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  1. What is the context, or/and some specific details about, the cause of the Great Depression and how it affected society. What were the different strategies used to combat the Great Depression. What factors led to the failure of Herbert hoover’s strategy and why, in comparison, was F.D.R.’s approach so successful? What are some specific programs of the “New Deal” [accomplishments and limitations]. Did the New Deal get America out of the Great Depression?

    I think that what ended the Great Depression was the war!


  2. mr flibble says:

    Explain what’s the difference between depression, feeling down and having a depression. I dont really know how to explain whats the difference so if you could please help me that be great, i appreciate it fo the help. Thnx and 10 pts 🙂

  3. bando8000 says:

    @ sleepcity,

    Your choice of the word manifestations goes to affirm the points you rebutted. Manifestations are but symptoms, effects and results of one’s purposive behaviour. Purpose first. Then symptoms.

    To focus on manifestations or symptoms of behaviour (i.e., as a means to grasp behaviour) is akin to studying the broken limb of a tree in attempt to glean causes and principles of health and growth. it’s a dead end.

    The tree inevitably produces biological symptoms of a broken branch.

  4. bando8000 says:

    Professor Sapolsky,

    As you know, all behaviour reflects a socially imbedded (indivisible) purpose.

    Please articulate the purpose of depressive behaviour, i.e., if you can or would.

    A treatise or lecture on the symptoms of behaviour, biological or other, is akin to focussing on water under the bridge.

    By understanding the purpose of depressive behaviour your viewers will be in a magnificent position to prevent and avoid it, which is what I believe you had hoped to teach. Yes?


  5. sleepcity says:

    Um, no. You’re wrong.

    “Symptoms” are patient-reported disabilities, deficits, etc. “Signs” are what the physician observes. “Purpose first” is overly reductive and teleological and will hinder any understanding of medicine you are hoping to develop.

    Scientists don’t begin with a conclusion (say, about behavior), then seek out evidence that affirms their hypothesis.

    Your broken limb of a tree metaphor, though poetic, isn’t neurobiology, sorry.

  6. sleepcity says:

    First of all, the word is “embedded”, not “imbedded”. Secondly, what is the “social imbedded [sic] (indivisible) purpose of say, beta-amyloid plaques and widespread neuronal cell death in an Alzheimer’s patient. These are manifested in obvious disability but the behavior doesn’t “reflect a socially imbedded [sic] (indivisible) purpose” does it? What is meant by that? Are you being intentionally vague?

    Your metaphors are tiresome and useless. Depression is a cellular phenomenon. Duh….

  7. bando8000 says:


    re “Um, no. You’re wrong.”

    Your insinuation of medicine being material here is misguided.

    Illness, which medicine clings to for meaning, is at cross purposes with health, growth and the understanding of behaviour, depressive or other. (There are many reasons for this. Big pharma for one.)

    Imagine for a moment that our understanding of behaviour depended upon an understanding of medicine. What would be the result?

    Could it be widespread misunderstanding and videos as this?

  8. bando8000 says:

    @sleepcity, again

    re “First of all, the”

    Yes, the symptoms of disease do in fact reflect one’s socially embedded purpose. Big pharma and their paid physicians and universities may not care to pursue the meaning of this fact, for myriad economic reasons, but you can and certainly may, i.e., if your goal is to understand behaviour to advance health and growth first and foremost.

    Intentionally vague, no. Character limit imposed by YouTube, sadly, yes. : (


  9. bunnyswann77 says:

    what is the other end

  10. bando8000 says:


    You may be interested in last week’s New York Times article, The Americanization of Mental Illness

    ” There is now good evidence to suggest that in the process of teaching the rest of the world to think like us, weve been exporting our Western symptom repertoire as well.

    “Indeed, a handful of mental-health disorders — depression, post-traumatic…”

  11. Seems to be that depression is just a symptom of several different health problems caused by phisiological or psychologycal problems as well.

  12. keriouztada says:

    miauu ist nice, wenn de singel bist FrauenMeister . com dort wird dir geholfen

  13. anyoen notice his peepee in his jeans? quite funny cus the girl who sat on the floor in the corner couldnt take her eyes off 😛

  14. thegoodexample says:

    @GBJ83 Ahahahahhah best comment ever

  15. hehe its true though, no?

  16. frankg3rd says:

    Thank you ! I wish I could have studied under Professor Sapolsky.

  17. sexlessparents says:

    damn, he needs a haircut

    btw im very depressed

  18. thegoodexample says:

    @GBJ83 omg I can’t believe how many thumbs down your comment got. These people need to lighten up. Oh wait, I guess it IS on a depression lecture hahaha.

    It’s not like we’d be watching this unless we were interested in complex behavioral neurobiology anyways yeesh. Grow some funny.

  19. i learnt a lot from this guy and his other lectures on utube, but boy thanks for reminding me of my comment. LOL again

    and you’re right, why people have marked the comment down is beyond me. lighten up folks 🙂

  20. manicbuyer says:

    This guy is brilliant. Not only is he brilliant, he takes it past the science in his understanding and it shows he cares as well.

  21. danmarino1970 says:

    Professor Sapolsky is awesome.. both his research approach and discourse are unconventional and I love it. =0)

  22. not learned helplessness, but learned uselessness

  23. RUInternational says:

    RUInternational There is hope for the Hopeless that are struggling with depression. Reformers Unanimous is a? faith-based addictions program. We maintain an 82% percent success rate! Check us out @Ruinternational.

  24. Man this guy’s the best. I expected a stuck up, aging hippie professor BUT HE’S NOT! He’s organized, striaght-forward, and he knows his shit. Excellent lecture.

  25. ikeelyouall1641 says:

    andy thompson has an article in scientific american (i think) where he looks at depression as an evolved response to social(mostly) dilemmas just like fever is an immune response to infection. He shows how the mind becomes more analytical and better at solving problems when depressed, also the way we cope ie becoming socially retracted and deriving little pleasure from life gives us more time to solve the problem at hand. He shows how rumination often resolves depression quicker than meds

  26. TedDGPoulos says:

    The known universe?
    14,000,000,000 BCE??
    5,000,000,000 BCE??
    Homo sapiens?
    300,000 BCE??
    Fire (applied)?
    200,000 BCE??
    The underlying law of nature (discovered & applied)?
    2003 CE

  27. TedDGPoulos says:

    The? most fundamental question of all: What is The underlying law of nature.