Thyroid hormones regulate the speed at which your body cells work.If too much of the thyroid hormone is produced,the body cells work faster than normal causing over activity of the thyroid.This condition is called hyperthyroidism.

However,if too little of the hormones are produced ;the body cells work more slowly causing the body cells to work more slowly.This under activity of the thyroid is called hypothyroidism.

To diagnose either condition,a physician can perform a simple blood test that will measure hormone levels.If the test shows an abnormality either direction,the doctor will probably run a thyroid profile to determine how severe the problem is.

Although the usual course of treatment for thyroid conditions is prescription medications,or in extreme cases,surgery,there are simple steps nutritionally that will help prevent either condition from occurring in the first place.

Here is a list of five very effective supplements that will work to support your thyroid.

1.Iodine:Iodine is a key element in thyroid production.But it is a double edged sword.You absolutely need it,but not too much of it.A careful balance has to be maintained.It is suggested after much study that a 100 mcg(micrograms)per day is a safe dosage to maintain healthy thyroid support.

2.Selenium:Selenium is crucial in both production of T4 thyroid hormone(thyroxine)in the thyroid gland,as well as in the conversion OF T4 to T3 thyroid hormone.

Recommended daily dosage per day is 200mcg.This is more than is contained in a common multivitamin.Supplemental selenium can be purchased rather cheaply at your local health food store.

3.Zinc:Zinc is necessary for the TRH hypothalamus hormone to stimulate the pituitary gland,which in turn signals the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone.

The recommended dosage of zinc per day is at least 10mcg.This should be taken with 1mcg of copper.A zinc-copper ration has been shown to be helpful for thyroid patients.A good zinc-copper product should contain at least 1-2 mcg of copper.

4.Vitamin D:In addition to the above recommended minerals,Vitamin D is crucial for thyroid hormone production in the pituitary gland. It now appears that the amount of Vitamin D people need has been
greatly under estimated,nor is it toxic as was originally thought.

Recommended daily dose of Vitamin D is at least 800IUs.A good, cheap way to obtain Vitamin D is to get plenty of sunshine. It can also be obtained by taking cod liver oil.

5.Vitamin E:Vitamin E allows for excellent antioxidant protection and in some cases helps menopausal women avoid hot flashes without resorting to hormone therapy.

Recommended dosage is 400-800IU daily.

Here are the five most essential nutrients for feeding the thyroid gland. It is recommended however that other crucial nutrients be added to this list for overall optimal health of the thyroid.

Other necessary supplements would be : Vitamin A:Recommended daily dose of 5000-10,000IU.
Vitamin C:Taken in a buffered form of at least 2000-4000mcg daily.

It is also highly recommended to ensure that your thyroid is functioning optimally to take high doses of essential fatty acids(EFA) in a 2:1 mix of Omega 3 and Omega 6. This can be obtained in 1000 mg capsules at your local health food store.Recommended daily dosage should be 2000-4000 mg .

Long term sufferers of thyroid disease,would do well to take extra amino acids since the thyroid is basically an amino acid tyrosine. Amino acid metabolism is crucial for thyroid function.

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