Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
This definition is the preamble from 1946 to the Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO). This definition of the WHO has not been amended since 1946.
It implies that all the basic needs of the person are met, whether emotional, health, nutrition, social or cultural and stage of the embryo or gametes to that of the elderly.
It is thus rather a goal that some find it utopian class, as the countries studied, 70 to 99% of people as not healthy or sick. We may prefer that of Rene Dubos: “physical and mental state relatively free of discomfort and suffering which allows the individual to function as long as possible in the environment where chance or choice had placed”, which presents health as the convergence of concepts of autonomy and well-being.
In sum, health is when everything works well, that purrs, as mental body. It also speaks of mental health, reproductive health.
It is a state on. They say a person is in “good health” or “poor health”.
By analogy with human health, also known as the “economic health” of a country, a “healthy”, etc..
Health is a precarious state that does bode well (Jules Romains in Knock) and life is a deadly disease that sexually transmitted caught at birth and inevitably ends in death (anonymous).
Health is a relative concept, sometimes not presented as a corollary of the absence of disease: Some people with various ailments are sometimes considered “healthy” if their illness is controlled by treatment. From the mid-twentieth century, diabetes specialists have talked about health. ” Today, this is even a majority in developed countries: it is exceptional from a certain age do not have such a disorder in the refractive eye problems or hypertension. Conversely certain diseases can be asymptomatic for a long time, so that persons feel healthy may not be really
For the United Nations, reproductive health is a right, like other human rights.
This concept refers to the recent good transmission of genetic heritage from one generation to another. It requires the quality of the genome, sperm and ova, but also safe motherhood, lack of sexual and gender-based violence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), family planning, the sex education, the access to care, reduced exposure to endocrine disrupters, etc..
A number of pollutants (dioxins, pesticides, radiation, hormonal lures, etc..) are suspected to be, possibly low or very low doses responsible for a deletion of spermatogenesis or alteration of the ovaries or fertilization process then development of the embryo). Some are also carcinogenic or mutagenic (they contribute to increased risk of malformation and spontaneous abortion).
Reproductive health care:
They cover a range of services, as defined in the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo (Egypt) in September 1994: advice, information, education, communication and family planning services; pre-and post-natal consultations, deliveries in safety and care of mother and child prevention and treatment of infertility, prevention of abortion and management of its consequences; treatment of reproductive tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases including HIV / AIDS, breast cancer and genital cancers and other reproductive health disorder, and active deterrence of unsafe practices such as female genital mutilation.