Cat owners or people who consider getting a cat should be familiar with the health issues they may experience. If you are informed about the common feline health problems you will be able to help your pet and will make sure your cat will be part of the family for a long time.
Cats can get affected by some deadly viruses but fortunately all of them can be avoided through vaccination. Vaccination your pet is really important because this will ensure good health and less medical problems for your cat. The American Association of Feline Practitioners claims that all cat should be vaccinated against the disease discussed below.
Feline panleukopenia also called feline distemper and cause by the feline parvovirus. This disease is highly infectious and the virus may stay active for months and even years after it has been introduces. Usually cats get infected thought contact with the virus on litter boxes, food and water bowls or feces. Panleukopenia poses a great danger for kittens and causes fever, vomiting, diarrhea and even death. Vaccination against panleukopenia should be done at 8 weeks of age and booster vaccinations should be done every 4 weeks until the cat is 16 weeks old. Then, the vaccine should be given each year or every 3 years.
Feline Rhinotracheitis and Calicivirus, these are the most common reasons for upper respiratory diseases and are extremely contagious. These viruses aren’t life-threatening for adult cats but kittens may dies because of them. Vaccination should be started at the age of 6-8 weeks and should continue every 3-4 weeks until the age of 16 months. Booster vaccination is performed in one year. After this period the vaccination is given once in three years and is usually combined with the panleukopenia vaccine.
Rabies, this disease causes death and can’t be treated. It is transmitted with the bites of affected animals. The disease always has a fatal outcome so vaccination is recommended. It is given at 16 weeks of age and a booster vaccination is done at the age of 1 year and then every three years.
Feline Leukemia Virus, this is a retrovirus that attacks the immune system. It is very contagious and is transmitted though saliva and nasal discharge. An infected mother cat transmits the virus to her kittens. The disease leads to weight loss, anemia, cancer and various infections. A blood test should be performed before vaccination to make sure the cat doesn’t carry the disease. The vaccinations against the feline leukemia virus may have various side effects, including sarcoma or formation of cancerous mass. For this reasons, many vets prefer to not vaccinate indoor cats that don’t carry the disease. Generally, kittens are vaccinated at the age of 12-16 weeks. Booster vaccinations are performed in four weeks and then every year.
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Feline Health Guide
In order to keep your cat healthy, you need to keep a strong relationship with the vet who will consult you about vaccinations and health issues.
Cat spaying and neutering has many advantages for the health of your cat. If the cat is spayed before its first heat cycle, this will reduce the risk of breast cancer with approximately 95%. This will also eliminate the risk of ovarian or uterine cancer. In male cats, neutering eliminates the risk of testicular cancer. Neutering also solves some behavior problems, such as spraying, and fighting with other cats.
Cat owners should make sure their cat is free of parasites because they are dangerous both for the pet and the owner. You should take measure to eliminate internal and external parasites.
Regular fecal screening performed by your vet will help detect and treat common internal parasites, including roundworms, tapeworms, coccidia, and Giardia. Some of these parasites can be transmitted to humans, and especially children. Fecal screening will help you detect such problems and eliminate them before they develop into serious conditions.
The most common external parasites and fleas and ticks, and you should make sure your pet is not infested with them. There are various effective products that will help you eliminated fleasand ticks. Your vet can help you choose the most appropriate product. Fleas and ticks are not just annoying for your cat; they can cause pain and may transmit serious diseases, including tapeworms and lyme disease.
Your vet is essential part of your cat’s health because he can determine any disease and help for their successful treatment. Older cats need annual health exams, annual blood and urine tests, as well as dental exams and care.
However, it is extremely important for cat owners to get familiar with the most common feline health problems in order to be able to help their pet for his successful treatment and health maintenance.
Feline health is all about maintenance. This article will give you three easy steps for keeping your cat(s) happy and healthy on a long-term basis.
Cats are independent creatures in many ways. If you follow a few simple guidelines your feline friends will enjoy maximum health and a very long life.
Use the information below to formulate your own feline health care plan:
Feline Health Tip #1 Choosing The Right Food
It’s critical that you feed your cats a high quality food product. You might save money by going with a dollar store brand of cat food, but the end result will be poor health and possible even complications.
A quality food will ensure optimal feline health by providing the proper nutrition. A good product like Science Diet, Iams, or Eukanuba will boost your cat’s energy levels, give them a healthy, shiny coat, and support a strong digestive system.
Also, a higher-grade food will not contain the kind of fillers and junk found in low-grade stock. Such byproducts can cause digestion problems and sluggish performance over time.
Feline Health Tip #2 Providing A Cat-Friendly Environment
Feline health experts agree that cats living indoors fulltime live longer than cats that are allowed to go outside frequently. Obviously felines will encounter far fewer hazards in your home than they would when wandering the streets or countryside.
However, cats love being outside. So you may want to allow some outdoors time if you live a safe distance from a busy road and there are no free-roaming, aggressive dogs in your area.
Even cats that live inside can endanger themselves through their tendency to investigate unsafe areas. Go over your home as if you planned to childproof it to avoid problems that arise form curious felines.
Keep cleaning chemicals and other toxic materials locked away. Cats might be attracted to the sweet smell of cleaning solutions.
Also be sure any heating/cooling ducts are protected with the proper grates to prevent cats from getting stuck in the ductwork. And avoid leaving easy access to standing water in kitchen sinks or bathtubs.
Feline Health Tip #3 Cat Maintenance
It’s a good idea to pay close attention to your cat’s eyes, mouth, ears, and feet. Look for any liaisons, discharges, or other signs of injury or illness so you can prevent infection or serious complications resulting from their active lifestyle.
And be aware that cats are vulnerable to a whole range of dental, respiratory, and ear/eye complications. By keeping a close watch on any new developments or major behavioral changes you can stop an illness from becoming too serious.
Any changes in eating or drinking habits should be taken seriously. If a cat becomes disinterested in food or water or becomes unable to use the litter box contact your vet without delay.
These three very simple tips can help you keep your cat(s) happy and healthy for a very long time. These wonderful creatures rely on you to keep them healthy and safe, and diligence in this regard is a small price to pay for the companionship they offer.