In every human body the secretion of insulin and glycogen controls blood sugar level but the disturbance in hormone secretion causes high glucose level in the body.
Types and symptoms
Diabetes is of three types that include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Due to this disease the body starts using fats and proteins as energy source as the glucose breakdown process stops completely. The patient shows some symptoms like poluria due to which the person urinate frequently, polydipsia causes increase in thirst and desire for consequent fluid intake, polyphegia relates with increased appetite as the person feels more and more hungry and even excessive weight loss. In type I diabetes the symptoms develop quickly whereas in type 2 the symptoms are much slow.
Some severe conditions
The extreme case of diabetes ketoacidosis is characterized by the smell of acetone in the breath of the patient, polyuria, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain. This medical emergency situation is treated in hospital as it can be lethal in some cases. Another severe condition in diabetes is hyperosmolar nonketotic state due to loss of body water as the patient has the habit of drinking sugar-containing drinks.
Diabetes is partly inherited from generation to generation but by proper diabetes control methods it can be prevented. The mutated genes of diabetes are carried by some people that causes MODY which is maturity onset diabetes of the young. These genes got triggered by some viral infection, stress or drugs so correct diabetes treatment is required for such patient.
The risk of diabetes can be suppressed and prevented by changing the diet and increasing the physical activity. The suspected individual should eat good amount of whole grains and sugar. Even by giving children Vitamin D or some diabetic supplements in their first year of life also reduces the risk of type 1 diabetes. Even breastfeeding act as good prevention of type 2 diabetes in the mothers. Through prophylactic usage of rosiglitazone, metformin and valsartan, the diabetes in predisposed patients is delayed and is a good method for diabetes control.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease which can’t be cured permanently but there are some methods for diabetes control and diabetes treatment. By dietic support, self glucose monitoring, sensible exercise and patient education any patient can control blood sugar and maintain the glucose level in the body. As the disease is associated with higher risks of cardiovascular disease so lifestyle should be modified for diabetes control so as to control blood pressure and cholesterol. The patient should cess the habit of smoking, wear diabetic socks and consumes correct diet. Even by the usage of diabetes supplements and insulin the glucose level can be controlled. Even a blood lancet is used to draw out the blood sample and check the sugar level in it.