Vomiting can be caused by a wide variety of conditions; it may present as a specific response to ailments like gastritis or poisoning, or as a non-specific sequela of disorders ranging from brain tumors and elevated intracranial pressure to overexposure to ionizing radiation. The feeling that one is about to vomit is called nausea, which often precedes, but does not always lead to, vomiting. Antiemetics are sometimes necessary to suppress nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, where dehydration develops, intravenous fluid may be required.
Vomiting is different from regurgitation, although the two terms are often used interchangeably. Regurgitation is the return of undigested food back up the esophagus to the mouth, without the force and displeasure associated with vomiting. The causes of vomiting and regurgitation are generally different.
Vomiting can be dangerous if the gastric content enters the respiratory tract. Under normal circumstances the gag reflex and coughing prevent this from occurring; however, these protective reflexes are compromised in persons under the influences of certain substances such as alcohol or anesthesia. The individual may choke and asphyxiate or suffer an aspiration pneumonia.
Prolonged and excessive vomiting depletes the body of water (dehydration), and may alter the electrolyte status. Gastric vomiting leads to the loss of acid (protons) and chloride directly. Combined with the resulting alkaline tide, this leads to hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis (low chloride levels together with high HCO3 and CO2 and increased blood pH) and often hypokalemia (potassium depletion). The hypokalemia is an indirect result of the kidney compensating for the loss of acid. With the loss of intake of food the individual may eventually become cachectic. A less frequent occurrence results from a vomiting of intestinal contents, including bile acids and HCO3, which can cause metabolic acidosis.
Repeated or profuse vomiting may cause erosions to the esophagus or small tears in the esophageal mucosa (Mallory-Weiss tear). This may become apparent if fresh red blood is mixed with vomit after several episodes.
The vomiting act has two phases. In the retching phase, the abdominal muscles undergo a few rounds of coordinated contractions together with the diaphragm and the muscles used in respiratory inspiration. For this reason, an individual may confuse this phase with an episode of violent hiccups. In this retching phase nothing has yet been expelled. In the next phase, also termed the expulsive phase, intense pressure is formed in the stomach brought about by enormous shifts in both the diaphragm and the abdomen. These shifts are, in essence, vigorous contractions of these muscles that last for extended periods of time - much longer than a normal period of muscular contraction. The pressure is then suddenly released when the upper esophageal sphincter relaxes resulting in the expulsion of gastric contents. Individuals who do not regularly exercise their abdominal muscles may experience pain in those muscles for a few days. The relief of pressure and the release of endorphins into the bloodstream after the expulsion causes the vomiter to feel better.
Vomiting Causes, Symptoms and Ayurvedic Natural Home Remedies
Causes of Vomiting
Many common problems may happen due to nausea including:
- Food allergies
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Food poisoning
- Infections of the stomach or bowels, such as the "stomach flu" or food poisoning
- Leaking of stomach contents (food or liquid) upwards (also called gastroesophageal reflux or GERD)
- Medicines or medical treatments, such as cancer chemotherapy or radiation treatment
- Migraine headaches
- Morning sickness during pregnancy
- Seasickness or motion sickness
- Severe pain, such as with kidney stones
Similarly, nausea and vomiting may also be early warning signs of more serious medical problems, such as:
- Blockage in the intestines
- Cancer or a tumor
- Ingesting a drug or poison, especially by children
- Ulcers in the lining of the stomach or small intestine
Symptoms of Vomiting
Vomiting : Ayurvedic Natural Home Remedies
Vomiting can be due to many reasons like Gastric, Pitt, poisonous intake, Motion sickness, pregnancy, allergic to some drugs, very bad smell, very dirty or scary scene etc.
1. Drinking Lemon water or smelling a Lemon while traveling is the best solution to stop vomiting due to motion sickness.
2. Eating Orange with Salt preferably Black salt helps to stop vomiting caused by motion sickness.
3. Ripe Banana is helpful during blood stains in the vomit.
4. A pinch of Powdered Clove (Laung) with Honey taken helps to stop vomiting during pregnancy.
5. Eating Gooseberry (Amla) Morabba helps to stop vomiting during pregnancy.
6. Roasted Bengal gram (Chana) powdered and taken with water helps to reduce vomiting during pregnancy.
7. Drinking Water melon (Tarbooj) juice mixed with Sugar candy (Mishri) powder, helps to stop vomiting caused by Pitt.
8. Drinking a spoon of Tamarind juice ( Imli ) helps to stop vomiting caused by Pitt.
9. Drinking Sugar cane juice (Ganna) juice with Honey, helps to stop vomiting caused by Pitt.
10. Boil ground Coriander (Dhania) seeds or leaves grinded in water and filter. Sipping the decoction slowly, helps to stop vomiting.
11. Drinking a spoon of Basil (Tulsi) juice with Honey helps to stop vomiting.
12. Boil Neem leaves in water and filter. Drinking this decoction helps to stop vomiting.
13. Eating Harad (Terminalia chebula, haritaki) powder mixed with Honey, helps to stop vomiting.
14. Drinking Mint (Pudina) juice mixed with Lemon juice, helps to stop vomiting.
15. Putting some wet cloth on the stomach over the navel area cools the stomach and helps to stop vomiting due to pitt.
16. Eating a raw Onion with Honey or drinking a spoon of Onion juice and Ginger juice, helps to stop vomiting.
17. Sprinkle Black pepper (Kali mirch) powder and Rock salt (Saindha namak) on a piece of Ginger. Slowly sucking the ginger helps to stop vomiting.
18. Taking Cumin seeds (Jeera) powder, Cardamom powder (Elaichi) mixed in a spoon of Honey, or drinking milk boiled with Cumin seeds powder and Cardamom powder, helps to stop vomiting.
19. Taking Powdered Cinnamon (Dalchini) mixed with Honey, or drinking milk boiled with Cinnamon, helps to stop vomiting.
20. Sucking a piece of Ice (Baraf) or favorable ice-cream helps to stop vomiting.
21. In half glass of water put half spoon of Lemons juice, pinch of Cumin (Jeera) powder and a pinch of Cinnamon (Dalchini) powder.Drinking this thrice a day helps to stop vomiting.
22. Grind Black pepper (Kali mirch) with Onion and tie this in a clean thin cloth and hang it .The juice which drops from this cloth can be taken to stop vomiting.
23. Smelling roasted Clove (Laung) helps to stop vomiting sensation.
24. Boil two Cloves with a pinch of Cinnamon (Dalchini) in water and filter, Drinking this decoction helps to stop vomiting.
Amazing Benefits of Ayurvedic Home Remedies
Ayurvedic health treatment is the world's oldest holistic healing system.
It was developed more than 12000 years ago in India.
It's based on the simple belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit.
It believes in the principle of free treatment using herbs, roots and leaves of nature. You can also call it world's first open source medical system.
Read some of the health guides on Ayurvedic home remedies and share them with your friends and family. Implement them in real life and stay disease free.