Insulin is an anabolic polypeptide hormone that regularizes carbohydrate metabolism that is medically used to take care of some types of diabetes mellitus. Insulin consists of 51 amino acid residues and its molecular weight is 5808 Da. Insulin works by lowering blood sugar (glucose) levels. It is a fast-acting form of insulin than regular human insulin.
Naturally, Insulin is released by cells group within the pancreas known as ‘islet cells’. The pancreas is an organ that sits behind the stomach and has many functions in addition to Insulin fabrication. The pancreas also makes digestive enzymes and other hormones. Carbohydrates are ingested from the bowels into the blood after a meal. After that, Insulin is released by the pancreas in reaction to this detected boost in blood sugar. The majority of the body cells contain insulin receptors that combine the Insulin which is circulating. When a cell has Insulin inhered in its surface, the cell stimulates other sensory receptors intended to soak up glucose (sugar) from the blood stream inside the cell.
There are over 20 types of Insulin products that are available in four basic varieties and each one has different onset time and action duration. The decision to choose the type of Insulin depends upon an individual’s way of life, a physician’s preference and experience, and the person’s blood glucose levels.
Patients suffering from type 1 diabetes mellitus hinge upon external insulin that is taken subcutaneously for their continued existence due to the nonappearance of the hormone. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have insulin resistance, relatively low insulin production, or both; some type 2 diabetics ultimately need insulin when other treatments become unsatisfactory to put control over blood glucose levels.
The common side-effects linked with Insulin are hives; difficulty breathing, swelling on face, lips, tongue, or throat; hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, trouble concentrating, confusion, seizure (convulsions), or death, hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, increased thirst, loss of appetite, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dry skin, dry mouth, itching, swelling, or redness where the injection was given. It is important to get timely medical aid if any of these signs occur.
People should discuss with the medical doctor before using Insulin. The physician must know if the patient is allergic to any drugs, or have liver or kidney disease. If the patient is already taking other prescription or over-the-counter medications, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements, it’s imperative to tell the doctor.