Infections are the most unlikely reasons for cuts on the tongue (blisters). Although cuts on the tongue are uncomfortable, they are nothing to be anxious about as most small cuts need no care into whatsoever.
Tongue blisters commonly form due to an injury like suddenly biting the tongue with your teeth, scalding your tongue accidentally and grinding your teeth.
Other causes include food allergies, viral infections, canker sores, mouth ulcers, burning tongue syndrome, enlarged papillae and certain medical conditions like diabetes, anemia and oral cancer.
Excessive smoking, vitamin B deficiency, eating too much fatty foods, side effects of some medication and use of chemical-based mouthwashes can also contribute to this problem.
Tongue blisters may be yellow or white, surrounded by a reddened area. The pain and inflammation associated with tongue blisters can make anyone feel irritated. Plus, the blisters can make it difficult to eat food properly.
Learn what you can do to help relieve pain and speed up healing time. The tongue is mostly composed of muscle that aids in the eating process. It moves food in the mouth to help with chewing and swallowing. On the upper surface of the tongue are thousands of small bumps (papillae) that give us our sense of taste. The tongue also helps us form words. People often cut their tongue while eating, talking, or playing sports. Although most tongue cuts are not serious, they can be very painful.
In general, tongue blisters last for about a week and disappear on their own. However, you can try some natural remedies to help alleviate the pain and inflammation. Some remedies also promote faster healing.
- 1 Tongue blisters: causes, symptoms and treatment
- 1.1 Causes of tongue cuts (tongue blisters)
- 1.2 Home remedies on tongue blisters
- 1.3 Prevention in tongue cuts
- 1.4 What to do in Severe Tongue Cut Cases?
- 1.5 What Type of Vitamins Help?
- 1.6 Fruits and Vegetables
- 1.7 Drinks, Desserts, and Other Foods
- 1.8 Which Food to Avoid in Severe Tongue Cut and Sore Mouth?
- 1.9 High Proteins
- 1.10 Breads, cereals, rice and pasta
- 2 Fruits and Vegetables
Tongue blisters: causes, symptoms and treatment
Causes of tongue cuts (tongue blisters)
Cuts on the tongue can be anywhere on the tongue, on the top surface, on the underside of the tongue, as well as on the sides of the tongue. Cuts on the tongue can be caused by any of the following reasons.
- Accidentally biting the tongue.
- Eating foods that have sharp edges that may injure the tongue.
- A traumatic injury to the face and mouth, including the tongue.
- Deficiency in vitamins C and B.
- Tongue ulcers: Tongue ulcers can also have signs of cuts on the tongue. However, this will not be the only symptom as it usually occurs along with other symptoms such as bumps in the tongue that bleed or have a burning sensation.
- Fissured tongue: A condition in which the entire tongue has deep cuts or grooves, usually not very painful, and common in people as they age. This is believed to be a hereditary condition, which is usually harmless.
- Allergic reactions to certain foods can also cause cuts in the mouth.
Symptoms of tongue cuts
Cuts in the tongue are easy to diagnose, they are characterized by the following symptoms.
- A cut or fissure or wound on the tongue
- Reddening of the area
- Occasionally, a bit of inflammation
- Burning sensation
- Sensitivity to hot and spicy foods
- Mild discomfort or pain
1. Chewing Dry coconut with Sugar candy (Mishri) gives relief from cuts on the tongue.
2. Applying honey on the cut also helps in healing cuts on the tongue.
3. Sucking a Clove (Laung) also helps in curing cuts on the tongue.
Home remedies on tongue blisters
Turmeric has antiseptic properties that can help relieve the pain and inflammation caused by tongue blisters.
- Mix 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder with 1 tablespoon of honey.
- Apply the paste on the blisters with your finger and leave it on for at least 3 minutes.
- Rinse it off with warm water. Do this 3 or 4 times daily for a few days.
- Alternatively, add 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of warm milk. Drink it once daily to promote healing.
Neem or Indian lilac leaf paste is another home remedy that is believed to be effective in treating cuts on the tongue.
Ice has a numbing effect that will give you soothing and immediate relief from the pain. Along with pain, ice can also reduce swelling and inflammation, two common symptoms of tongue blisters.
- Hold ice chips or cubes directly on the blisters or rub an ice cube on them until they become numb.
- Alternatively, you can take sips of ice cold water from time to time to get relief from pain.
Vitamin B and C diet
If the cuts are due to deficiency, including vitamin B and C rich foods in your diet may be a good idea. Alternatively, taking vitamin supplements can help combat the deficiency.
Aloe vera is also recommended for treating tongue blisters due to its natural healing and antibacterial properties. Aloe vera can speed up healing and also reduce pain and inflammation.
- Cut an aloe vera leaf to extract the gel.
- Apply this gel on the blisters and leave it on for 5 minutes.
- Rinse your mouth with lukewarm water.
- Repeat several times a day for about 3 to 4 days.
Use of a mixture of water and hydrogen peroxide to rinse the mouth. In eight ounces of water, add a tablespoon of peroxide solution. Rinse your mouth with this. It may sting for a little while, but your tongue will soon start healing.
Goldenseal root is considered to be highly effective for treating this condition. Add a few pieces of the root to a glass of water and let it simmer for a few minutes on a low-medium fire. Once the decoction cools, strain it into a glass. This should then be used to rinse the mouth 2-3 times a day.
Prevention in tongue cuts
The following should be avoided while the tongue blisters are under healing process (these can increase pain and/or delay cure):
- hot and spicy foods
- tart foods like citrus fruits
- sharp foods like chips
- oral sex
- excessive brushing
- oily foods
- fast foods
What to do in Severe Tongue Cut Cases?
Above home remedies are for normal tongue however for sever tongue cuts; precautions and preventions are similar but some of the foods differ.
The following tips and recommendations may help you to better manage your severe tongue cuts.
Incidentally the same recipe can be used for sore mouth and throat.
Foods on Severe Tongue Cuts
Choose soft, bland foods.
Softer foods will be easier to chew and swallow. o Soups and stews are good options, as long as meats are soft and tender.
Try breakfast foods like instant oatmeal, grits, pancakes, waffles, and cold cereal that has been softened in milk.
Pick side dishes like cottage or ricotta cheese, macaroni and cheese, mashed white or sweet potatoes, and rice or risotto.
Try desserts like custard, tapioca pudding, ice cream, milkshakes, and sherbet.
Choose snacks like applesauce, gelatin, smoothies, and yogurt.
How to Prepare Food?
Prepare foods in ways that make them easier to eat.
Cut foods into small pieces. You may consider using a blender or food processor to puree foods.
Cook foods until they are soft and tender.
Serve foods with gravy, broths, or sauces.
Choose soft or canned fruits or applesauce instead of raw fruits with tough skins.
What Foods and Drinks to Avoid?
Avoid foods and drinks that make mouth sores and tongue cuts worse.
Avoid citrus fruits and juices, salty or spicy foods, and acidic foods like tomatoes.
Do not drink carbonated or caffeinated drinks.
Refrain from having beer, wine, liquor, or any other type of alcohol.
What hot Foods and Drinks to Avoid?
Avoid very hot foods.
Hot foods can cause mouth and throat discomfort.
Choose room temperature or cold foods that are soothing. o Allow soups and hot foods to cool to room temperature before serving.
Try freezing fruits, and suck on frozen fruit pops, fruit ices, or ice chips.
What Food Sources for Severe Tongue Cut?
Choose foods that are good sources of protein to combat weight loss.
Aim to have a good source of protein with meals and snacks.
Ground meats, eggs, cottage cheese, yogurt, custard, beans, lentils, and smoothies are good soft food choices that also provide protein. o Eat small, frequent meals. You may find it easier to eat smaller amounts at a time.
Does Water Help?
Drink at least 8-10 eight-ounce glasses of water each day.
Drink liquids with your meals as this will make it easier to swallow foods. Sip cool drinks in between your meals. Drink with a straw. This can help push the foods past the painful sores in your mouth.
Avoid caffeinated or/and carbonated beverages.
Avoid alcohol. Alcohol can irritate the mouth.
How to Oral Care?
Note: Severe tongue cut cases avoid this step for few days.
Use soft oral care products.
Rinse your mouth several times a day with only water or Mix one quart water and one tablespoon baking soda to make a rinse that removes food and promotes healing, keeping tongue infection free.
Do not use a mouthwash that has alcohol. Alcohol makes a sore mouth worse and tongue cut painful.
Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Remove dentures (except during eating) if your gums are sore. Keep dentures clean.
Avoid cigarettes, cigars, and tobacco products. Ask your doctor about special mouthwashes and sprays that can numb the mouth and throat. Tell your doctor if your gums are bleeding or if you have white patches in your mouth. Both can be signs of infection.
What Type of Vitamins Help?
Soft, bland, ground or pureed meats, poultry, and fish o Hamburger o Chicken salad o Tuna salad
Casseroles o Chicken and rice o Macaroni and cheese o Tuna noodle casserole o Egg, cheese, and bean dishes. Hard boiled or scrambled eggs. o Mashed beans with cheese
Dairy Products o Milk
Yogurt (Plain or vanilla)
Custard o Milkshakes
Creamed soups and stews
Peanut butter, creamy
Liquid nutrition supplements
Breads, Cereals, Rice, and Pasta
Soft, moistened breads
Cooked cereals o Instant oatmeal
Creamed wheat o Creamed rice
Cold cereals soaked in milk
Pasta and rice in sauce
Fruits and Vegetables
Soft, cooked or pureed fruits o Bananas o Applesauce o Watermelon o Canned fruits o Baby food
Soft or cooked vegetables o Pureed or mashed vegetables o Mashed potatoes o Soups and stews
Drinks, Desserts, and Other Foods
Non-acidic juices and fruit nectars o Apple juice o Pear nectar
Decaffeinated coffee and tea
Plain or vanilla pudding
Cake, cookies and pie soaked in milk
Butter, vegetable oils, cream cheese, and sour cream
Ice cream, sherbet
Which Food to Avoid in Severe Tongue Cut and Sore Mouth?
Spicy foods o Spaghetti o Tacos o Curry dishes o Chili
Tough, dry meats, poultry, or fish
Breads, cereals, rice and pasta
Dry/tough breads o Dry crackers o Crusty breads/rolls o English muffins o Bagels
Fruits and Vegetables
Citrus or acidic fruit o Oranges o Lemons o Limes o Pineapple
Raw vegetables or fruits with tough skins
Pickled fruits and vegetables
Tomato products o Raw or cooked tomatoes o Ketchup o Marinara sauce o Tomato juice
Drinks, desserts, and other foods
Citrus juices o Grapefruit o Orange o Lemon and lime
Crunchy/sharp foods o Potato chips o Pretzels o Popcorn o Chips
Spicy condiments o Pepper o Pepper sauces o Chili powder o Cloves and nutmeg o Horseradish o Salsa
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