Hair is a striking feature of human body. Hair loss, especially by female/male pattern baldness is matter of great concern. Pattern baldness is particularly is very troubling condition. In this type of baldness the hair is regularly lost at both the temples and at top of the skull. At last the person is left with a horseshoe pattern in the head.
Male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) is the chief devil that causes hair loss. With age one suffers from this disorder by acquiring the genetic predisposition and presence of male hormones. Contrary to the common perception, hereditary baldness is not a must in each generation. However, if one's father is completely bald and one loses hair at an early stage, then he is said to be in male pattern baldness due to alopecia and 95% of complete baldness occurs by alopecia.
Excess amount of male hormone also causes hair loss. Besides, stress, improper nutrition and pollution together accelerate the baldness. One under stress will loss hair at double the speed of a normal human.
How Modern Surgeries Regrow Hair?
Taking dietary supplement and/or external application of cosmetics is fruitless to stop baldness. Fortunately, there are several baldness solutions, the most popular ones being hair transplantation surgery, scalp reduction surgery and scalp flap surgery.
There is no such thing as true hair transplant. Surgeons replace the bald area from some other hair-healthy area of the head. Hence, the name hair replacement transplant. Hair transplant works when there is enough donor hairs. Victims of female/male pattern balding are the best candidates for hair transplant. If you still have hair growing anywhere around the scalp flaps hair transplantation can be easy and effective.
Scalp reduction surgery
Scalp reduction surgery is a popular balding solution to cure the baldness caused by flaking scalps. It can be done in conjunction with hair transplants and involves surgically removing of a portion of the balding area, which causes the bald spot to be smaller. This means that there are fewer areas to graft to the head during a hair transplant.
Scalp reduction surgery also known as scalp lifting, as the name itself suggests, is a surgery which removes parts of the scalp affected by alopecia. Scalp is the part of the skin that covers the topmost part of your head. The purpose of this surgery is to remove the bald areas from the scalp. The healthy parts of the scalp are then stretched and repositioned so that the bald areas are considerably diminished. This surgery is not for people suffering from male pattern baldness, but is recommended for people who have patches of bald areas on the scalp. Scalp reduction is also not suitable for covering areas of hair loss in front of the scalp, as it can cause scarring. This surgery is performed only when there is not enough donor hair available for performing an FUT or FUE procedure.
How is the scalp reduction in hair loss therapy performed?
Before the actual scalp reduction surgery, depending on the patient’s health and surgical requirements, the doctor may advise him/her to undergo some preparatory procedures. These procedures are performed to prepare the scalp for scalp reduction surgery.
The preparatory procedures include:
- Scalp Massage
- Re-Routing of Blood Vessels
- Scalp Expansion
- Scalp Extension
Scalp flap surgery
Scalp rotation flap is an invasive procedure that involves surgically removing a portion of healthy scalp and hair from the back or sides of the head and transplanting it on the bald areas. This creates a new hairline for the males who suffer from male pattern baldness. Scalp flaps are usually performed on patients who have complete balding in the front area of the scalp. Those candidates whose hair is just beginning to thin or is thinning in patches in random areas spanning the head may want to choose a different type of treatment.
How Scalp surgery is done?
Scalp surgery is performed on an increasingly frequent basis. This article emphasizes scalp surgery and reconstruction as they pertain to dermatologic surgery and surgery performed by primary care physicians. Extensive surgical procedures of the scalp, such as those involving free flaps, procedures that involve removal of the calvaria, and other extensive procedures, are not covered.
Common procedures performed on the scalp range from those that are medically indicated to those performed for cosmetic reasons. These procedures include incisional and excisional biopsies, excisions of benign and malignant tumors, and scalp reduction surgery.
Incisional and excisional biopsies may be performed to aid in diagnosing benign and malignant lesions. Benign lesions include nevus sebaceous, epidermoid cysts, trichilemmal cysts, blue nevi, and melanocytic nevi. Malignant lesions include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma in situ, Merkel cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma. Wounds created from these procedures may be superficial, as in the case of an incisional shave biopsy, or extensive, as in the case of a large excisional biopsy in which the site cannot be closed primarily.
Excisions may be performed to diagnose and/or treat the conditions mentioned above. Wounds created from these procedures are generally full thickness and may extend to the calvaria.
Scalp reduction surgery was once performed to treat alopecia but is not commonly used today. Scalp surgery and reconstruction for cosmetic indications are not discussed here.
Reconstruction of the scalp after one of the above procedures may include any of the following techniques: granulation; side-to-side closure; the use of an advancement flap, rotation flap, or transposition flap; or the use of a split-thickness skin graft (STSG) or full-thickness skin graft (FTSG).
The selection of one or a combination of these methods depends on anatomic and patient-related factors. Anatomic considerations include the amount of local tissue laxity, the depth of the wound to be repaired, and the location of the wound. Patient-related factors include the patient's expectations, general state of physical and mental health, smoking status, and ability to care for the reconstructed wound.
Are you going bald or losing hair very fast and worried about it?
Why men and women facing baldness or hair loss panic about losing hair but do nothing. Yes, there are plenty of options available to take care of your hair.
We are sharing hair loss guides below. Please read them to follow and regrow hair easily. Preventing hair loss is completely under your control.