They are painful, can last from 4 hours to 5 days and interfere with the everyday development of normal life. Although nobody addresses what exactly causes migraines headaches there still hope for preventing them and even you can get migraine relief in case of incidence by taking a proper treatment.
So what makes a migraine? What causes them? Why do some people get them and others don’t? What can be done to prevent them naturally, without medication? I have found that there are numerous causes for migraines. These headaches are well researched, and there are many natural remedies and dietary suggestions for preventing them. In order for people to stop their migraines they need to analyze their lifestyle and dietary habits that cause them. In this essay I will explore the causes of migraines and what can be done to prevent them without conventional modern medicines.
First I’d like to clarify exactly what a migraine headache is. The best definition I found was in an article on Medical News Today titled “What is Migraine? What Causes Migraines?”, which defines a migraine as, “a severe, painful headache that is often preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs such as flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light and sound.” Now that we know what a migraine is, let’s continue exploring what causes them and how they can be prevented.
The possible triggers for migraines are so numerous, in fact, that they can be split into seven different categories. An article on Berkely education titled “Migraine Triggers” lists the seven categories of migraine triggers as dietary, sleep, hormonal, environmental, stress, stress letdown, and physical.
There are many possible reasons a person will get a migraine and it’s difficult to tell which trigger is setting off a particular person’s headache.
Migraines can be attacked from two fronts:
1 Preventing migraine
2 Controlling the symptoms
For especially uncomfortable situations when the occurrences of headaches are more than twice a month and interferes with the development of the normal, preventive migraine medication is recommended. Because migraine symptoms and causes vary from patient to patient, there is a variety of medicines that can be prescribed by physician for each patient in particular.
One important factor in avoiding migraines is to find out which factors triggers a migraine attack. Probably some of the factors can’t be avoided, but many of then can. Parameters such as food (canned, smoked, aged and cured meat), sleeping pattern, stress situations, weather conditions, exposure to strong light, sound levels, smells, allergies, medication, exposure to smoke, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, birth control pills, hormonal replacement therapy and exercise must be watched. Exposure to tobacco, caffeine, alcohol and drugs must also be considered in the search for triggers.
Specific food restriction proved to be effective instead of a full diet. For example gluten is a major migraine trigger for people suffering from the celiac disease.
Ingesting herbal and nutritional supplements has also proven to be effective, among recommended supplements we can find: Coenzyme Q10, butterbur, feverfew, magnesium citrate, Vitamin B2, Vitamin b12, and melatonin.
Stress both physical and psychological is another major triggering factor. Stress controlling programs and therapy are useful tools against the headaches. It is also believed that a short daily aerobics session is quite helpful for controlling migraines and it’s much appreciated for helping to keep a fit body. Physical relaxing activities such as yoga, pilates, aqua-gym, swimming, cycling, walking or any kind of activity that gives you pleasure.
Conventional treatment includes a wide variety of medicines: analgesics (aspirins, paracetamol, and ibuprofen), antiemetics (for reducing nausea symptoms and prevent vomiting). Drugstores often offer medicines that combine analgesics with antiemetics drugs for migraine headaches. There are also non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs, anti depressants, serotonin receptor antagonists, ergot derivate, ans steroids drugs. Not all of them are approved by the FDA for migraine treatment.
There are also herbal treatments for migraine headaches. Feverfew and cannabis have been used for migraine relief. Cannabis was the official migraine treatment until the 1940s.
Alternate therapies include acupuncture, acupressure, hypnosis, self vision, massage therapy, criotherapy and myofascial release.