Piles haemorrhoids fistula Symptoms Causes Ayurveda home Remedies

Piles is a very common ailment. Women have higher incidence than men. The reason behind it is not clearly known. It is more commonly seen in adolescent age group and aged persons who all seem to be more tensed.

In medical terminology, piles is known as hemorrhoids. Piles refers to a condition in which the veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed. It is the dilatation (varicosity) of the veins of anus. It appears as bluish coloured swellings due to stagnated blood. Piles arise due to the increased pressure of internal or external veins around the anal canal.

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are and have been a bother to many people. These are basically swollen veins that occur in the anal region. Hemorrhoids are important as they help with stool control. They are naturally present in the anal canal but transform into piles when they become inflamed or swollen. However, the piles condition is not permanent. There are various modes of piles treatment that could help ease the effects or even prevent the condition all together. Before rushing to treatment, it is important to understand all there is to know about alternative piles treatment and relief. The more you understand the better a position you’ll be to effectively treat the condition. There are two types of piles; Internal and external. Both belong in the same group but have different characteristics.

(a) Internal piles tend to be located inside the anus. They are painless and bleed (bright red) during bowel movement. Mucous discharge is present and you might experience some itchy feeling

(b) External piles tend to protrude and are visible around the anus. When thrombosed, these are said to be painful. The pain usually lasts up to 3 days then goes down. Some swelling might occur that might last for a few weeks. After healing, some skin tag might be left behind.

Piles (hemorrhoids)

Signs and symptoms of piles (hemorrhoids)

The only way to properly identify piles is through a physical examination. External piles can be easily identified through a physical rectal examination. Internal hemorrhoids however can be detected through Anoscopy. This is a small hollow tube that has a light attached to the end of it. It clearly shows all that is inside.

Symptoms of piles vary, and depend on the type and place of origin. Piles in its initial stage is most commonly found to be without any symptoms.

However, the most common symptoms include –

  1. Intense pain at the time of passing stool.
  2. A pain around the anus and lower rectum, which can be quite severe.
  3. Frequent ineffectual urge for stool without passing stool or without satisfaction of complete evacuation.
  4. Itching in the rectal area.
  5. There may be bleeding. This will be bright red blood, not usually mixed in with the motion.
  6. There is often a feeling of something bulging, or hanging down from the anus.
  7. If a haemorrhoid at the outside of the anus gets a blood clot, it leads to atender lump.
  8. Anemia due to profuse bleeding.
  9. Wind formation in the stomach.
  10. Sitting becomes difficult due to pain.

If left untreated, piles can lead to complications including, infection, prolapse, necrosis and gangrene. Painful bleeding usually indicates startup of complications.

Piles haemorrhoids fistula diagram

Piles causes, treatment and prevention

Causes of piles

Hemorrhoids are very common. It is more common in people, who regularly follow a low fibre, and high processed diet, such as processed flour, polished rice, bread etc. The main contributory cause is anything that raises the pressure in the abdomen, which leads the blood vessels to swell and become engorged.

Thus, the main cause of piles include –

  1. People chronically suffering from constipation.
  2. Even diarrhoea can cause piles. The strain for passing the stool is the main reason for the development of piles.
  3. After or during pregnancy, as the baby may press on the main blood vessel that returns blood to the heart.
  4. Overweight people.
  5. Physical strain – even coughing for long periods can cause the anal veins to strain.
  6. General weakness of the tissues of the body.
  7. Low fiber diet
  8. Age
  9. Hereditary
  10. Anal intercourse
  11. Prolonged periods of sitting or standing.
  12. Strenuous work
  13. Mental tension

Piles haemorrhoids fistula prevention

Piles treatment and prevention

The good news about piles is that they can be successfully treated. One might not see the warning signs before they occur but once they do, it does not spell doom for you. However, piles can be avoided in the first place to avoid dealing with the after effects.

1. Fiber

It is absolutely possible to get rid or prevent piles through fiber. Fiber is best known to aid in food digestion. In some instances, lack of proper food digestion is known to cause piles. This is because some food particles might be in their whole form hence makes it hard for the digestive tract to completely crush it. This means that the food particle will not be completely crushed hence constipation. Constipation is one of the leading causes of piles. Fiber is also important in the diet as it cleans the colon. This is very important as it goes a long way to prevent constipation. All in all, fiber is an important part of the diet so including it will definitely ease the piles condition or prevent it.

2. Water

Water is an essential to all living things and humans in this case. The benefits of water are many as most of them are vital in relieving the piles problem. Drinking water after a meal helps to wash down food. This is important as it leads the food to the digestive track for easy digestion; in short it speeds up the movement of food to the digestive track. Water is also important in the body as it softens the food hence avoids constipation. When you eat dry food like corn, digestion becomes a very difficult and painful process. In the end the stool will be very hard with some corn particles. This might scratch the piles and cause bleeding hence aggravating the inflammation. Passing it also will be hard hence create the problem. It is recommended that you drink at least 8 glasses of water per day.

Piles hemorrhoids fistula plum drink lots of water

3. Herbs

Some herbs are known to ease up the painful consequences of piles. Witch hazel and wall chest nuts are the leading herbs known for their healing properties of piles. Herbs in general are very healthy and each herb has its own quality. Include witch hazel and wall chest nut in your diet will naturally. This is very healthy for you as there are no side effects. It actually is an advantage for you as you get to eat your way out of the piles condition. Cook your food with the herbs for easy digestion and piles treatment.

4. Bowel movement

This is one of the best methods of piles treatment. It is very advisable to go to the bathroom as soon as the need arises. Holding it back in is good ground for the development of the piles. When the already digested food (feces) stays in the colon for too long without being eliminated, water gets reabsorbed back into your body. This is a very good ground for the development of piles. The more you hold it in the more the absorption of the water back into the body. This means that when the pressure becomes too much and you eventually decide to go, the stool will be too dry and hard. This means that you might constipate which is a cause of piles. Go to the bathroom as soon as you feel the urge.

5. Fruits and vegetables

Effective piles treatment lies in this. Fruits and vegetable should always be included in your diet. Unlike the common belief that water is the remedy for constipation, vegetables are best. Green leafy vegetable are known to make the stool soft hence easy passing. It is also the best remedy for constipation. Fruits that are juicy and watery are the best. They nourish your body and are a good source of fluids for the body. Fruits and vegetable are very rich in fiber which is good for easing the effects of piles or better still, preventing the condition.

6. Chew food completely

It is important to completely chew food until it is broken down to small bits. This makes it easier for your body to digest it more quickly and easily. This will in turn prevent and ease piles. You should also take your time while eating; doing it in a hurry will in turn mean that you are swallowing big chunks of foods and downing it hurriedly. This is not healthy for your digestive track. Proper table etiquette as this is the beginning of piles treatment.

Though there are many remedies for piles, natural methods of piles treatment are always recommended as the chance of side effects are greatly reduced. They are always better, easier and cheaper than any other method that’s not natural. However, it is advisable to seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and treatment advice.

Piles haemorrhoids fistula moisturizing cream fro irritation

7. Moisturizing cream

It is advised by cosmetic and beauty experts to use moisturizing cream as coolants. Specialized ointments are tailored for hemorrhoids irritation. Dried-out skin around your anus can easily result in itchiness, so it will be beneficial to apply some moisturize lotion or cream to it. You could also possibly administer the hemorid with petroleum gel. You can use FDA approved moisturizing lotions.

Home remedies for treating piles (hemorrhoids)

Olive oil

Olive oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and is utilized basically to treat outer hemorrhoids. It will help increase the elasticity of blood vessels, which in turn will help decrease irritation and shrink the size of swollen veins in the anal canal.

  • Consume a teaspoon of olive oil every day. It will help lessen irritation and the monounsaturated fats will enhance the functionality of the excretory system.
  • Extract the juice out of some plum leaves and combine it with olive oil. Apply this mixture on your hemorrhoids. It will provide for you relief from the pain and swelling.

Piles hemorrhoids fistula plum leaves olive oil to cure

Black cumin seeds

Take 1 table spoon of dry roasted black cumin seeds and blend it with a tablespoon of unroasted black cumin. Powder them together and take ½ tsp of this powder with one glass of water each day.

Butter milk

Drink glass of butter milk with 2 tablespoon lime and pinch of rock salt to cure the symptoms of piles.

Lemon juice

  • Blend one-half teaspoon each of lemon juice, ginger juice, mint squeeze and nectar together. Take this once a day.
  • Immerse a cotton ball into fresh lemon juice and apply it on the hemorrhoid. At first there will be some mild tingling or a shivering sensation, yet easing from the pain will soon be experienced.
  • Squeeze half a lemon into a mug of hot milk and consume it in every three hours for best results.


The main home treatment that is much prescribed is ice. Ice will help constrict the veins, decrease swelling and provide for you prompt pain relief.

Piles hemorrhoids fistula ice packs for remedies

  • Apply an ice pack or an incompletely dissolved bit of ice wrapped in a piece of cloth directly on the influenced region for around 10 minutes. Do this few times each day until the hemorrhoid goes away.
  • Utilize a little pack of frozen  vegetables, for example, peas or corn. Wrap the pack in a tea towel and afterward apply it on the hemorrhoid. Do this for 20 minutes, three times a day.

Black tea bags

  • Tannic acid present in tea is a sort of regular astringent that will help diminish swelling and pain connected with hemorrhoids.
  • Wet a black tea bag in boiling point water. Expel it from the water and let it cool somewhat. Apply the warm, wet tea pack to the swollen veins for around 10 minutes. Do this a few times each day.
  • You can apply icy utilized tea packs to the hemorrhoids for 5 to 10 minutes.

You may additionally use dentifrice or witch hazel as a result of they have medication properties in addition. Vinegar may cut back the swelling. Apply any of these on the affected space employing a cotton swab or plant disease. Leave it on for a few of minutes and wash. Before applying anything to the realm, check that you clean it well. Blot the realm with wet wipes or tissue moistened with water or a gentle improvement agent. Avoid rubbing the realm as a result of it will irritate it.

Another smart idea is to focus on the cause of the inflammation initial. Constipation is that the most typical cause of piles. Add a lot of fiber to your diet and incorporate exercise into your routine. Exercise regulates bowel movement and fiber adds bulk to your stool while softening it within the method. With this, the haemorrhoid will no longer be below large pressure and therefore the inflammation will begin to subside.

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