Most of us will experience eye problems, such as itching eyes, dry eyes and eye discharge, etc. from time to time, some of which are short-lived and will probably disappear on their own, and we often do not take them seriously. However, those short-lived problems, if not treated properly, will lead to long-lived ones later. Therefore, it is of significance and necessity to be clear each eye problems and their possible causes, in case of coming down with some one day. The following is a list of common eye problems for reference.

Pain in eyes:

Some people may have experienced pain in eyes, around their eyes or behind their eyes, it is rather miserable and to a great extent, it affects their normal lives. Generally speaking, pain in eyes can be of ocular pain and orbital pain. The main cause of the former is possibly Conjunctivitis, Styes, Blepharitis, Corneal Abrasions or Ulcers and Chemical Burns, which come from the disorder from the outer structure of the eye. The latter is more probably comes from a deep, dull ache behind or within the eye itself. Diseases like Glaucoma, Migraines, Trauma, Optic Neuritis, and Iritis may cause orbital pain.

In a sense, those suffering from eyes pain may feel stabbing, throbbing, aching, burning or the feeling that “something is in the eye”. No matter what kind of feeling you have, the point is to seek medical attention for treatment or, if necessary, go for an eye doctor immediately. If not critical, some easy applications such as flushing eyes with lukewarm water or commercial eye solutions can be tried by yourself at home. Do remember not to rub or even touch your eyes.

Watery eyes:

It is fairly ironical that watery eyes are often caused by dry eyes, for when eyes get too dry, eye system will automatically produce tears to supply the lack of water in eyes and in the meantime, too many tears can actually begin to reverse the good and start working against itself. Watery eyes are the common eye problems for elder people due to aging. Additionally, the cause of watery eyes can be of other eye conditions, such as Blepharitis and Conjunctivitis, and other factors, such as allergies from the outer environment or dust. If your watery eyes is induced by a lack of tears, dropping artificial tears or eye drops can be helpful; if your watery eyes is induced by allergies, taking relative medication, such as counter antihistamines can alleviate the symptom; if you experience watery eyes for more than couple of days, you’d better go to see a doctor before it turns into something worse. As for elders, they should see their eye doctors regularly because they tend to go the bad more easily.

Red eyes:

Red eyes, a synonym of bloodshot eyes, should be one of the most common eye problems people would suffer from. It comes from the distensible and enlarged blood vessels on the surface of eyes, and the inducement is of a great variety, ranging from illness, injury, eye infection to allergies, etc.. If you have red eyes, it is important to find out why, because red eyes have several causes, some maybe of little concern while some maybe of a sign of a medical emergency, such as lurking such as Blepharitis, Conjunctivitis, Corneal Ulcers or Acute Glaucoma. If it is just of allergic conjunctivitis, an inflammation or infection of the clear, protective layer that coats the front part of the eye, taking antihistamines or dropping eye drops or artificial tears may help and applying coolness of the pack also relieve red eyes, as well as other symptoms like swelling and pain; if it is a serious condition, coupled with eye discharge or eye pains, it is always best to seek the advice of a medical professional.

Ways to prevent yourself from red eyes include, if your red eyes are caused by allergies, trying to stay away from pets and pollens as soon as possible; not rubbing your eyes with dirty hands or handkerchief; getting adequate sleep; and maintaining good health and reducing stress.

Eye discharges:

Eye discharge is a yellowish, sticky, crusty substance that can sometimes make eyes feel glued shut. Some people would have such an experience when they wake up in the morning. Usually eye discharges are harmless, for it is a natural defense against the outer environment that makes eyes discomfort. Although eye discharges are of little concern in most circumstances, there is still a possibility of severe results. Therefore, if the eye condition is mild, some ‘ at home ‘ methods can be applied, such as using a warm washcloth and washing eyes with baby shampoo or other mild detergent, etc.; if you experience a constant discharge from eyes for more than a couple of days, you need to see a doctor. For the reason that eye discharge may be a sign of bacteria invasion, which can lead to Blepharitis or other more serious eye conditions, such as Conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers. They are able to probably cause severe problems, even cause an external blindness. Therefore, eye discharges, in some degree, should be reck
oned with carefully when you encounter.

Ways to avoid eye discharges are of a great variety. Do not share towels and washcloths, because this is one of the most popular ways of bacteria spreading; throwing away old make-up, especially those used while you had an infection in your eyes; staying away from contaminated cosmetics and removing oil from eyelids frequently.

What is more, pay a close attention to the change of your vision. In normal condition, when we are grown up, our eyesight, either nearsightedness or farsightedness, will come to be stable. If you find your vision changes persist, this is probably a sigh of some eye problems, diseases and conditions, such as Presbyopia, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Retinal Detachment, Floaters, Macular Degeneration and Diabetic Retinopathy.

Similarly, do not make a big fuss over a minor issue; that is to say, do not feel too upset whenever you encounter any eye problems. What you should do is to stay reasonable, checking whether the eye problems are really serious or not. If they are, go for an eye doctor; if not, enough rest and proper medication will solve the problem.

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