Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.

Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:

Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The cause is unknown.

Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise.

Gestational diabetes, is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood-sugar levels.

The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are weight loss, polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased hunger). Symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months) in type 1 DM, while they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent in type 2 DM.

Several other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes, although they are not specific to the disease. In addition to the known ones above, they include blurry vision, headache, fatigue, slow healing of cuts, and itchy skin. Prolonged high blood glucose can cause glucose absorption in the lens of the eye, which leads to changes in its shape, resulting in vision changes. A number of skin rashes that can occur in diabetes are collectively known as diabetic dermadromes.

Diabetes Mellitus

All forms of diabetes increase the risk of long-term complications. These typically develop after many years (10–20), but may be the first symptom in those who have otherwise not received a diagnosis before that time.

The major long-term complications relate to damage to blood vessels. Diabetes doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease[22] and about 75% of deaths in diabetics are due to coronary artery disease. Other “macrovascular” diseases are stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

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  1. danielfj24 says:

    debe ser en castellanotambien…

  2. essentialeugene says:

    I found out that every 5 seconds in the U.S. someone gets diabetes. It is an epidemic in this country.

  3. gibsonslasher22 says:

    is there any possibility that my friend is now having diabetes if he acquired skin disease which has almost the same appearance as athlete’s foot between the fingers on his foot.?

  4. gebruikersnaamnodig says:

    there are many overweight people there and there’s fastfood on every corner of the street.

  5. SacredCowProductions says:

    New miracle treatment for diabetes!

    Search Youtube for HOW WEED WON THE WEST


  6. Thebeastwithinusall says:

    Diabetes is SRS BZNS

  7. If you are looking for more information about diabetes better check diabetestype1cure(DOT)info.


    Today, there is natural treatment for diabetic persons. enter this word: medicinas naturistas diabetes

  9. deanjean71 says:

    The only insulin sold in America is Synthetic DNA insulin which doesn’t have c-peptide which prevents diabetic complications even with good control. Only the natural pork & beef insulin has c-peptide in it which you have to have imported from Cananda or England. My son is back on natural pork insulin. Drug companies profit from the complications their inadequate insulin causes, by selling more medications. Some people refer to synthetic insulin as murder for profit insulin or poor man’s insulin.

  10. Hi Folakei

    Nice animation. How can I get your permission to use it on my website?

  11. rajsreekrishna says:

    nice one tnx…………….

  12. TheDrluby says:

    how can we download this video?

  13. Charlesincharge42 says:

    What this nice video leaves out is WHY the insulin stops working!! That IS the problem, and the reason is primarily trans-fats, anything hydrogenated or worse ‘partially hydrogenated’. Why? Because some of the hydrogenated fat molecules are mistakenly used by your body to build cell walls, the receptors built like that break instead of allowing glucose (sugar) to be metabolized. The situation worsens over time. The cure?! Avoid processed foods. For best health eat organic and natural foods.

  14. Charlesincharge42 says:


    What do those acronyms mean?

  15. Charlesincharge42 says:

    I have recently been enlightened by a book called “Real Food”. The problems with ‘saturated fats’ are that the animals producing them are fed bad diets. For instance cows fatten up on corn and grain, because they cannot metabolize them properly. These foods cause chronic illness and imbalances, in cows which are offset by adding hormones, antibiotics (and possibly) barbiturates to their diets. This radically alters the makeup of fats from a cow in ways that are very unhealthy to us.

  16. Thebeastwithinusall says:


    It’s a sarcastic way of saying “Serious Business”

  17. Charlesincharge42 says:

    What’s more that same goes for pork (pigs), lamb, and chicken, although chickens and pigs are omnivores, so it is not as big of a problem. What is a problem is the way chickens and pigs are raised, for the animal to produce the most nutritious meat, it needs to be allowed to exercise, and not be cooped up where it cannot even turn around. The fats from properly raised meat animals are not bad for us at all.

  18. deanjean71 says:

    I just read that George H.Bush & Dan Quayle with ties to Eli Lilly fast tracked rDNA synthetic insulin through the FDA & then the Bush administration tried to limit the public’s ability to sue drug companies. The profits from synthetic rDNA insulin affords the powerful to purchase new cars for their children, while we, the parents of diabetic children, are left to buy coffins or worse for our children, because we are forced to buy defective insulin in America. Greed and arrogance kill.

  19. SHSscience says:

    perfect for OCR A2 Biology F214

  20. Vybertastic says:

    yes and oh my exam is on Monday!! You are right

  21. earthlyescapes says:

    @Charlesincharge42 the movie Food Inc. does a good job of showing what you’re referencing

  22. taichigreentea says:

    Green tea may help! Please try Tai Chi Green Tea, the edible green tea -taichigreentea!