cervical cancer explained

Cervical cancer is becoming more common nowadays. It has become one of the main cause of death recently. Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth and or behavior of cervix cells.

Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Early on, typically no symptoms are seen. Later symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or pain during sexual intercourse. While bleeding after sex may not be serious, it may also indicate the presence of cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection appears to be involved in the development of more than 90% of cases; most people who have had HPV infections, however, do not develop cervical cancer. Other risk factors include smoking, a weak immune system, birth control pills, starting sex at a young age, and having many sexual partners, but these are less important. Cervical cancer typically develops from precancerous changes over 10 to 20 years. About 90% of cervical cancer cases are squamous cell carcinomas, 10% are adenocarcinoma, and a small number are other types. Diagnosis is typically by cervical screening followed by a biopsy. Medical imaging is then done to determine whether or not the cancer has spread.

The early stages of cervical cancer may be completely free of symptoms. Vaginal bleeding, contact bleeding (one most common form being bleeding after sexual intercourse), or (rarely) a vaginal mass may indicate the presence of malignancy. Also, moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge are symptoms of cervical cancer. In advanced disease, metastases may be present in the abdomen, lungs, or elsewhere.

cervical cancer - affected area and vagina

Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

What are the causes?

Most researchers believe that cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus or HPV. HPV are spread through sexual intercourse. So cervical cancer is most likely to attack women who are sexually active.

The other causes are:

  • smoking

smoking cause cervical cancer

  • alcoholic
  • having sex at early age
  • having other sexually transmitted disease such as herpes and chlamydia
  • having many sexual partners

cervical cancer due to group sex orgy multipartner sex

  • using contraceptive medication for long term
  • weak immune system

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms you may feel when you have cervical cancer are:

  • abnormal vaginal bleeding, usually accompanied with pain and smell
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • pelvix pain

cervical cancer image

The very early stage of cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. But a laboratory check up can be conducted for early diagnose using your cervical cells as samples.

Stages of Cervical Cancer

stages of cervical cancer of cervix

stages of cervical cancer in cervix

What can we do to treat cervical cancer?

The most effective way is surgery. This way can remove the "bad" cells out of your cervix. The other way are radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Your doctor will decide the best treatment according the severity of the cancer.

Most women with stage IA2 and stage IB cervical cancer are treated with hysterectomy. Another procedure, known as a radical trachelectomy, allows women be treated without losing their ability to have children. This procedure removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina but not the body of the uterus.

cervical cancer location and abnormal cells

Prevention

Preventing is better that treating. Prevention act including using condoms, regular smears, and HPV vaccine injection.

Foods for Cervical Cancer

foods for cervical cancer

Cancers are a bit different to each other's but the fears and worries patients have is similar. The best option to reduce stress and focus on proper treatment of cancer is to know more about it.

Find below cancer guides so that you are made aware of important aspects of it.

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