he bladder is the organ in the body where urine is stored before it is expelled through urination. There are several different kinds of bladder cancer:
* Transitional cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the bladder) are the most common.
* Squamous cell carcinoma is cancer that begins in thin, flat cells.
* Adenocarcinoma is cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.
The cells that cause squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma grow in the inner lining of the bladder and are caused by chronic irritation and inflammation.
Cancer that is in cells in the lining of the bladder is called superficial bladder cancer. Your doctor might call it carcinoma in situ. This kind of bladder cancer comes back many times, even after treatment. When the cancer returns, it is usually as another superficial cancer in the bladder.
Prevent Gall Bladder Cancer
Gall bladder cancer is a rare type of digestive disease that can develop to be a serious form of cancer. More women get afflicted than men. In most cases, gall bladder cancer is not detected until it has developed to an advanced state. Because of the difficulty in diagnosing gall bladder cancer until it has become advanced, the treatment options can lead to a disheartening prognosis. As such, it is better to prevent gall bladder cancer in the first place before it becomes too late. Prevention can be made with liver cleansing and diet changes.
Gall bladder cancer symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, yellowing of the eyes and skin, and unexplained weight loss and loss of appetite.
There are 4 stages to cancer of the gall bladder. These include:
Stage 1: Gall bladder cancer has an affect on the wall of the gall bladder.
Stage 2: The cancer has spread through the wall of the gall bladder, but has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or organs.
Stage 3: The cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and organs, such as the stomach, liver, colon, or the small intestines.
Bladder Cancer Treatment
There are many different treatments available for people diagnosed with bladder cancer. Treatment depends mainly on the stage of cancer. A cancer caught early enough will require less dramatic measures than more advanced cancers. The most common treatment options are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. In certain cases, your doctor may combine two or more treatment options, most commonly combining surgery with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Once bladder cancer has spread, the surgical treatment usually involves complete or partial bladder removal. A partial bladder removal (cystectomy) is often reserved for patients with less invasive types of bladder cancer (usually cancers that start in cells associated with frequent infections or irritations) that occur near the top of the bladder. A complete, or radical, cystectomy may also involve removal of nearby tissues. For men, a radical cystectomy often includes removal of the prostate, the lymph nodes near the hip and the semen conducting tubes. For a woman, a radical cystectomy also includes removing the reproductive organs (uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes), part of the vagina and the urethra. If you do undergo surgery to remove your bladder cancer, you may require an opening for urine discharge (urostomy). Recent advances in surgical procedures are decreasing the number of people with urostomies.