Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women with 41,000 cases being diagnosed each year as well as about 300 men. The chances of developing breast cancer are higher in older women but lower in those who have children at an early age and have breast fed their children.
Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancer) if the cells can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get breast cancer, too.
As per ASC, Breast cancers can start from different parts of the breast. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple (ductal cancers). Some start in the glands that make breast milk (lobular cancers).
There are also other types of breast cancer that are less common.A small number of cancers start in other tissues in the breast. These cancers are called sarcomas and lymphomas and are not really thought of as breast cancers.
Although many types of breast cancer can cause a lump in the breast, not all do. Many breast cancers are found on screening mammograms which can detect cancers at an earlier stage, often before they can be felt, and before symptoms develop. There are other symptoms of breast cancer you should watch for and report to a health care provider.
It’s also important to develop some breast cancer tests of your own, that you can do on a regular basis in between mammograms. As soon as you hit puberty, it’s a good idea to conduct self breast cancer tests as this begins the period where your chances of getting breast cancer begin.
Study in Index
Breast cancer symptoms
Several signs of breast cancer
* a lump-it will usually be small, firm and painless
* veins that become more prominent on one or both breasts just under the skin surface
* a depression in any area of the breast surface that was not there before.
LIQUID DISCHARGE FROM THE NIPPLE
Another possible symptom of breast cancer is nipple discharge. This discharge can be in the form of either blood or pus that is clear, green or yellow. However, like the above symptoms discharge from the nipple is generally down to other causes.
A CHANGE IN THE BREAST SKIN’S APPEARANCE
If your breast skin starts to look different this could be a sign of breast cancer. This type of cancer may cause your breast skin to become dimpled (like an orange peel), wrinkled, swollen or inflamed. However, like with lumps a change in the breast skin’s appearance can be down to other factors.
Breast cancer tests
Mammography – a low dose x-ray of the breast tissue
Ultrasound – the use of sound waves to build up a picture of the breast tissue
Colour Doppler ultrasound – shows the blood supply to the area to determine the difference between a cancer and a benign lump
Needle (core) biopsy – a needle is used to take a small piece of tissue from the affected area
Fine needle aspiration – a needle and syringe are used to take a cell sample form the affected area
Blood tests – general health check to see how the liver and kidneys are working and check for the presence of cancer producing chemicals in the blood
Excision biopsy – surgery where the whole lump is removed and sent for examination
One-stop clinics – Clinics where all relevant tests are done together and results are processed while you wait.
During our body’s process of converting food to energy, we create free radicals in our body. These free radicals are damaging to our cells and DNA if we don’t combat them. Left unchecked, free radicals contribute to speeding up the aging process and to causing diseases such as cancer, heart attack and stroke.
Anti-oxidants, however, can help us combat these free radicals, and a diet in anti-oxidants is linked with preventing cancer, heart disease and stroke. So, doctors recommend a diet high in anti-oxidants which means eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and drinking green tea each day.
Cancers are a bit different to each other’s but the fears and worries patients have is similar. The best option to reduce stress and focus on proper treatment of cancer is to know more about it.
Find below cancer guides so that you are made aware of important aspects of it.