Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women affecting one in eight women during their lives. It may develop at any time but the risk of developing it increases as women get older. It is far more common in post-menopausal women and the risk continues to increase with rising age.
Do habits change or prevent breast cancer causation? Food or diet cannot cure breast cancer. But there are some foods which can make your body healthier and boost your immune system to fight the risk of this type of cancer. But if we count only food to fight breast cancer then it will be an utter mistake. Your whole lifestyle is linked to the possibility of having this type of cancer.
To reduce the chances of breast cancer women should maintain proper healthy weight. If a woman is overweight she must be given proper guidelines to keep and maintain good weight. Overweight women should seek the help of expert physicians for this issue. Regular physical activities and maintaining healthy eating habit will be helpful. Fruits, vegetables, sufficient water and reducing calories, junk foods, and fried foods will help prevent breast cancer risk.
Food keeps important role in dealing with cancer. When you are about to take your meal, you should try to be cautious and patient about it. Instead of taking two cookies take one! Consider eating lots of vegetables. Fiber foods are very beneficial because they have the potentials of fighting cancer in the body. Eat salads as it’s good for all of us. For breast cancer protection, you can include all cruciferous vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels, sprouts); dark leafy greens (kale, collards, spinach); tomatoes and carrots. One more important thing is taking sufficient amount of sleep. Scientists found that insufficient sleep or less sleep, more sleep can overweight people. But sufficient six-hour sleep is mandatory for all of us. Drink water and avoid hard drinks, wine, and even soft drinks, instead of these drinks take fruit juices. Avoid taking too much sugar.
Drinking alcohol is the most well established risk factor for breast cancer, and it is proved. The Harvard Nurses’ Health study, with many others, has recently shown that taking more than one alcoholic drink a day can raise breast cancer risk by 20-25 percent. Alcohol does not have impact only on breast cancer but it is responsible for immature death and early aging.
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Breast Cancer Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
The cause of breast cancer is not known and while it can also occur in men, the much higher occurrence in women implicates estrogen.
Today, breast cancer, like other forms of cancer, is considered to be the final outcome of multiple environmental and hereditary factors. Breathing secondhand smoke increases breast cancer risk by 70% in younger, primarily pre-menopausal women.
A newly released study indicates a correlation between the drop in breast cancer and the drop in women taking HRT.
Breast cancer signs and symptoms
Breast cancer elicits so many fears, including those relating to surgery, death, loss of body image and loss of sexuality, however it is more easily treated and often curable if it is found early, therefore regular self examination and screening is essential. Breast cancer usually shows as a lump or thickening in the breast tissue, although most breast lumps are not cancerous.
Breast cancer’s predisposing factors are
Women at high risk are those who:
- Have a family history of breast cancer.
- Have long menstrual cycles, began menses early or menopause late.
- Have never been pregnant
- Were first pregnant after age 31.
- Have had unilateral breast cancer.
- Have endometrial or Ovarian cancer.
- Were exposed to low level ionizing radiation.
Many other possible factors are still under investigation including, obesity, alcohol and environmental factors.
Those with lower risk include women who:
- Were pregnant before age 20.
- Have had multiple pregnancies.
- Are native American or Asian.
Breast cancer occurs more often in the left breast and in the upper quadrant.
Indications of breast cancer other than a lump may include changes in breast size or shape, skin dimpling, nipple inversion, or spontaneous single-nipple discharge.
Breast cancer types
When breast cancer cells invade the dermal lymphatics, small lymph vessels in the skin of the breast, its presentation can resemble skin inflammation and thus is known as inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). Symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer include pain, swelling, warmth and redness throughout the breast, as well as an orange peel texture to the skin referred to as peau d’orange.
The most common pathologic types of breast cancer are invasive ductal carcinoma, malignant cancer in the breast’s ducts, and invasive lobular carcinoma, malignant cancer in the breast’s lobules.
Occasionally, breast cancer presents as metastatic disease, that is, cancer that has spread beyond the original organ. Bone or joint pains can sometimes be manifestations of metastatic breast cancer, as can jaundice or neurological symptoms.
Breast cancer treatment
Much controversy still exists over treatment of breast cancer, options include; Surgery , chemotherapy, Radiotherapy,Hormonal therapies,Herceptin and complementary treatments.
The mainstay of breast cancer treatment is surgery when the tumor is localized, with possible adjuvant hormonal therapy (with tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor), chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy.
In February 2007, the MammaPrint test became the first breast cancer predictor to win formal approval from the Food and Drug Administration. This is a new gene test to help predict whether women with early-stage breast cancer will relapse in 5 or 10 years, this could help influence how aggressively the initial tumor is treated.
Interstitial laser thermotherapy (ILT) is an innovative method of treating breast cancer in a minimally invasive manner and without the need for surgical removal, and with the absence of any adverse effect on the health and survival of the patient during intermediate followup.
Breast cancer prevention
Routine (annual) mammography of women older than age 40 or 50 is recommended by numerous organizations as a screening method to diagnose early breast cancer and has demonstrated a protective effect in multiple clinical trials.
Women with one or more first-degree relatives (mother, sister, daughter) with premenopausal breast cancer should begin screening at an earlier age.
Breast cancer prognosis
There are many prognostic factors associated with breast cancer: staging, tumour size and location, grade, whether disease is systemic (has metastasized, or traveled to other parts of the body), recurrence of the disease, and age of patient.
With advances in screening, diagnosis, and treatment, the death rate for breast cancer has declined by about 20% over the past decade, and research is ongoing to develop even more effective screening and treatment programs.
Cancers are a bit different to each other’s but the fears and worries patients have is similar. The best option to reduce stress and focus on proper treatment of cancer is to know more about it.
Find below cancer guides so that you are made aware of important aspects of it.