Before vacationing in forest, it is important you know how to handle insect stings, scorpion and snake bites. Scorpion Bites (stings) are a cutaneous condition caused by the stinging of scorpions, usually resulting in pain, paresthesia, and variable swelling. The anatomical part of the scorpion that delivers the sting is called a “telson”.
Although about 2000 species of Scorpions exist, only about 25-40 species can deliver enough venom to cause serious or lethal damage to humans. One of the more venomous or potentially dangerous species, especially for infants, young children, and the elderly in the United States is Centruroides exilicauda or bark scorpion. Contact with scorpions is usually accidental. Scorpion stings are painful, and they can be fatal, particularly to children. Scorpions may sting more than once; the stinger, located at the end of the tail segment is usually not lost or left in the person’s tissue after a sting.
Most scorpion stings vary from small swelling to medically significant lesions in severity, with only a few able to cause severe allergic, neurotic or necrotic reactions. Only two species of scorpions can inflict stings which result in death of normal healthy humans: the Israeli deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus) and the Brazilian yellow scorpion (Tityus serrulatus). Antivenom exists for both species’ stings.
In general, the sting usually causes discomfort that slowly decreases over time. The discomfort, described below, usually ranges from moderate to severe.
The cause of the scorpion’s sting symptoms is a barb or stinger that contains a protein toxin (also termed venom). The toxin is responsible for the symptoms listed above. The toxin is not pure; it contains a mixture of proteins (neurotoxin, protein inhibitors, and other substances). The types differ from species to species and likely have evolved to target the specific prey and predators of the particular scorpion species. Depending on the literature source, only about 25 to 40 of the approximate 2000 species of scorpions have toxins or venoms that are dangerous to humans. Chlorotoxin and Maurotoxin are two scorpion toxins that have been isolated and are currently being studied as potential treatments for diseases such as cancer.
Scorpion Bites (Stings) Treatment
Most effective immediate relief is using ice cubes. Use ice bags to reduce pain and to slow the absorption of venom via vasoconstriction. This is most effective during the first 2 hours following the sting. Alternatively, hot water immersion has been described as a first aid treatment for scorpion bites in forest departments of Australia and in Taiwan. We have discussed easy remedies later in this article.
Scorpion Bites (Stings) Symptoms
If a bark scorpion bites, common symptoms may be visible, which are as follows:
1. Unusual head, neck and eye movements.
2. Muscle twitching or thrashing.
6. Accelerated heart rate or irregular heartbeat.
7. High or low blood pressure levels.
8. Restlessness or anxiety or crying profusely (in children)
Depending on the situation, treatment can be started with first aid kit and local available items.
Signs of Scorpion Bites (Stings)
- A person who has been stung by a scorpion may feel a painful, tingling, burning or numbing sensation at the sting site.
- The reaction at the sting site may appear mild. Rarely, a person experiencing a serious reaction may develop severe symptoms throughout the body.
- Severe symptoms include widespread numbness, difficulty swallowing, a thick tongue, blurred vision, roving eye movements, seizures, salivation, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms constitute a medical emergency. Death may occur.
Scorpion Bites (Stings) Prevention
Many scorpion stings can be prevented by taking precautions such as shaking out clothing and shoes to dislodge any scorpions, wearing clothing that covers the body (for example, wearing gloves and tucking in pant legs into boots may limit exposure). Many pesticides that are commercially used outside on homes may make some scorpions sluggish and easier to kill before they can sting. In addition, pesticides may markedly reduce the food source of scorpions.
Most investigators suggest that if a scorpion is seen or felt on the skin, it is better to brush it off quickly instead of slapping at it because the scorpion will likely sting if the slap does not kill it.
Scorpions glow (fluoresce) under UV light (black light), so if a person is doing tasks in areas where scorpions might reside (dark areas like a closet or underneath a porch), people can use a black light to find them before they sting. This technique can be used in homes at night when scorpions are more active and may be found on the floors or walls.
Scorpion Bites (Stings) : Ayurvedic Natural Home Remedies
1. Applying Radish (Muli) paste mixed with Salt on the affected area and eating Radish helps in reducing the effect of scorpion bite.
2. Applying Onion juice on the affected area helps in reducing the effect of scorpion bite.
3. Applying Basil (Tulsi) leaves grinded with Salt on the affected area helps to reduce the pain during scorpion bite.
4. Applying Garlic paste on the affected area and drinking a spoon of Garlic juice with Honey helps in reducing pain and burning during scorpion bite.
5. Lemon seeds grinded and applied on the affected area gives relief from the burning and the pain during scorpion bite.
6. Applying Mint (Pudina) paste on the affected area and drinking Mint juice during scorpion bite is beneficial.
7. Applying Bottle guard (Ghea) paste on the affected area and drinking Bottle guard juice helps in removing poison of scorpion bite. .
8. Carrom (Ajwain) seeds grinded and applied on the affected area reduces the burning and the pain during scorpion bite.
9. Applying Apple paste on the affected area and eating Apple during scorpion bite is very helpful.
10. Pomegranate (Anar) leaves grinded and this paste applied on the affected area of scorpion bite is very helpful.
11. Alum (Phitkari) dissolved in water and applied on the affected area of scorpion bite is very helpful.
12. Tamarind (Imli) seeds crushed into pieces and dipped in water for sometime. These swollen seeds lightly pressed still it sticks, to the affected area of scorpion bite. These seeds will fall down itself after sometime after removing poison from the wound.
13. Grind dried Ash gourds (Petha) stalks with water to make a paste. Apply this paste on the affected area and heating the area with hot water bottle, helps in removing poison as well as reducing pain due to scorpion bite.
Amazing Benefits of Ayurvedic Home Remedies
Ayurvedic health treatment is the world’s oldest holistic healing system.
It was developed more than 12000 years ago in India.
It’s based on the simple belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit.
It believes in the principle of free treatment using herbs, roots and leaves of nature. You can also call it world’s first open source medical system.
Read some of the health guides on Ayurvedic home remedies and share them with your friends and family. Implement them in real life and stay disease free.