Dysmenorrhea (painful periods, or menstrual cramps) is pain during menstruation. It usually begins around the time that menstruation begins. Symptoms typically last less than three days. The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen. Other symptoms may include back pain, diarrhea, or nausea.
In young women painful periods often occur without an underlying problem. In older women it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, or endometriosis. It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age, or who have a low body weight. A pelvic exam in those who are sexually active and ultrasound may be useful to help in diagnosis. Conditions that should be ruled out include ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis, and chronic pelvic pain.
Menstrual Ache (Dysmenorrhea) Treatment
Dysmenorrhea occurs less often in those who exercise regularly and those who have children early in life. Treatment may include the use of a heating pad. Medications that may help include NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, hormonal birth control, and the IUD with progestogen. Taking vitamin B or magnesium may help. Evidence for yoga, acupuncture, and massage is insufficient. Surgery may be useful if certain underlying problems are present.
Dysmenorrhea is estimated to occur in 20% to 90% of women of reproductive age. It is the most common menstrual disorder. Typically it starts within a year of the first menstrual period. When there is no underlying cause often the pain improves with age or following having a child.
Menstrual Ache (Dysmenorrhea) Causes, Symptoms and Ayurvedic Natural Home Remedies
Causes of Dysmenorrhea
Primary dysmenorrhea is thought to be caused by excessive levels of prostaglandins, hormones that make your uterus contract during menstruation and childbirth. Its pain probably results from contractions of your uterus that occur when the blood supply to its lining (endometrium) is reduced.
Other factors that may make the pain of primary dysmenorrhea even worse include a uterus that tilts backward (retroverted uterus) instead of forward, lack of exercise, psychological or social stress, smoking, drinking alcohol, being overweight, and starting menstruating before age 11.
Secondary dysmenorrhea may be caused by a number of conditions, including:
- fibroids – benign tumours that develop within the uterine wall or are attached to it
- adenomyosis – the tissue that lines the uterus (called the endometrium) begins to grow within its muscular walls
- a sexually transmitted infection (STI)
- endometriosis – fragments of the endometrial lining that are found on other pelvic organs
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is primarily an infection of the fallopian tubes, but can also affect the ovaries, uterus, and cervix
- an ovarian cyst or tumour
- the use of an intrauterine device (IUD), a birth control method
Symptoms and Complications of Dysmenorrhea
The main symptom of dysmenorrhea is pain. It occurs in your lower abdomen during menstruation and may also be felt in your hips, lower back, or thighs. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, lightheadedness, or general achiness.
For most women, the pain usually starts shortly before or during their menstrual period, peaks after 24 hours, and subsides after 2 to 3 days. Sometimes clots or pieces of bloody tissue from the lining of the uterus are expelled from the uterus, causing pain.
Dysmenorrhea pain may be spasmodic (sharp pelvic cramps at the start of menstrual flow) or congestive (deep, dull ache). The symptoms of secondary dysmenorrhea often start sooner in the menstrual cycle than those of primary dysmenorrhea, and usually last longer.
Stomach ache during menstrual period is so common in girls. Some female get pains even a week before menstruation begins and some female face severe pain just before the menstruation. It is advisable to eat light diet with more fruits and vegetables and avoid spicy chilled foods, specially during that period.
Menstrual Pain (Dysmenorrhea): Ayurvedic Natural Home Remedies
Here are some home remedies to get relief from dysmenorrhea ache due to menstrual period.
1. Eating a pinch of Asafoetida (Hing) kept inside a Banana fruit pulp or Asafoetida with Jaggery and drinking hot water helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
2. Eating a spoon of Fenugreek seeds (Menthi) with a cup of Buttermilk (Chach) helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
3. Eating Black Sesame seeds (Til) powder with hot Milk during menstruation helps to get relief from stomach ache.
4. Putting a wet cloth on the naval area cools the stomach helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
5. Dry Ginger (Saunth) and Jaggery (Gur) boiled in water, filtered and drinking this decoction helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
6. Drinking Half spoon of Neem leaf juice mixed with one fourth spoon of Ginger juice helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
7. Mustard seeds powdered and boiled in water. A cloth dipped in this hot solution can be put on the stomach which helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
8. Eating Carrom seeds (Ajwain) and jaggery (Gur) with pure Ghee helps to reduce stomach ache during menstruation.
9. Aniseeds (Saunf) boiled in water, filtered and drinking this decoction with a spoon of Honey helps in reducing stomach ache during menstruation.
10. Guava fruit (Amrud) pulp without seeds mixed in Milk with Honey, taken reduces stomach ache during menstruation.
11. Eating Radish and Radish leaves helps in controlling stomach ache during menstruation.
12. Black Cotton leaves grinded and mixed with Milk, drinking this milk helps in reducing stomach ache during menstruation.
Amazing Benefits of Ayurvedic Home Remedies
Ayurvedic health treatment is the world’s oldest holistic healing system.
It was developed more than 12000 years ago in India.
It’s based on the simple belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit.
It believes in the principle of free treatment using herbs, roots and leaves of nature. You can also call it world’s first open source medical system.
Read some of the health guides on Ayurvedic home remedies and share them with your friends and family. Implement them in real life and stay disease free.