Asian cultures have made use of the extract of ginkgo biloba tree for centuries because it has many qualities that are beneficial for the body. The maidenhair tree is the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct. It is found in fossils dating back 270 million years. Native to ancient Tibet, some parts of China and North Eastern part of India, the tree is widely cultivated, and was homely planted early in human history. It has various uses in traditional medicine and as a source of food. The genus name Ginkgo is regarded as a misspelling of the Japanese gin kyo, “silver apricot”.In a recent research conducted in a Japanese university, scientists discovered that maidenhair tree is not only useful in the cure of minor health disorders but it is also good when used to treat more serious and complex diseases.

The relationship of ginkgo to other plant groups remains uncertain. It has been placed loosely in the divisions Spermatophyta and Pinophyta, but no consensus has been reached. Since its seeds are not protected by an ovary wall, it can morphologically be considered a gymnosperm. The apricot-like structures produced by female ginkgo trees are technically not fruits, but are seeds that have a shell consisting of a soft and fleshy section (the sarcotesta), and a hard section (the sclerotesta). The sarcotesta has a strong smell that most people find unpleasant.

Ginkgo Biloba Advantages and Side Effects

Let’s have a look at the advantages and side-effects of using the extract from this ancient tree.

Ginkgo Biloba Advantages

The ginkgo is classified in its own division, the Ginkgophyta, comprising the single class Ginkgoopsida, order Ginkgoales, family Ginkgoaceae, genus Ginkgo and is the only extant species within this group. It is one of the best-known examples of a living fossil, because Ginkgoales other than G. biloba are not known from the fossil record after the Pliocene.

Pain killer

If you suffer from pains in your legs after standing up for several minutes is because you have a problem with the circulation of blood. This means that you have a slow circulation to your legs and as a result they get swollen and at the same time hurt. However, it has been proved that using ginkgo as a diet supplement will rev up blood circulation significantly. Circulation will be a lot better all over your body and this means that all your organs will have more oxygen and will work a lot better.

How Ginkgo Biloba Extract for Memory

Memory booster

Due to the positive effect ginkgo has on blood circulation you will experience an improvement in your memory. The extract is being studied to see if it could be used to treat Alzheimer and some other illnesses that can affect the brain proper functioning.


Ginkgo Biloba extract is also an advantageous medicine to use when trying to relief allergies, and swollen muscles. Many reports have shown that it is also an ally when treating heart disease and it can help people reduce the risk of heart attacks considerably. There is no standard dose of ginkgo biloba supplements. However, in medical studies, almost all clinical trials have used a standardized extract of ginkgo, standardized to 24% flavone glycosides and 6% terpene lactones. A common dose in people with dementia is 40 milligrams of that extract three times daily.

Impotency treatment

4- Ginkgo leaf extract works as a vasodilator, meaning that it may increase blood flow throughout the body. Supporting circulatory function may have indirect benefits for erectile function, fertility, libido and more. It has also been used to treat impotency and the results are startling.

Despite the many advantages the use of ginkgo biloba extract has, it also has some side effects when combined with other medicines. Some of the negative consequences include diarrhea, nausea and headaches. In some cases it has been reported that people with coagulation problems might have a difficult time because the intake of ginkgo can increase the chances of bleeding.

Ginkgo Biloba Side Effects

What You Should Know About Ginkgo Biloba Side Effects

Ginkgo biloba throughout history has demonstrated a large amount of medical value. Even so, it does have some side effects. In general, people should take a ginkgo biloba supplements in dosages ranging between 40 mg to 200 mg daily.


Women who are pregnant or nursing should heed caution when it comes to taking ginkgo biloba. Mainly, this has to do with the many potential ginkgo biloba side effects with nursing or pregnant women. Some of the most common types of ginkgo biloba side effects are diarrhea, headaches, nausea, restlessness, and vomiting.

Pregnant women should not take ginkgo biloba in order to avoid complications for the baby. If you experience any of these symptoms after taking ginkgo extract, you should stop taking it and see a doctor as soon as possible in order to avoid cascading problems.

Therefore, pregnant or nursing women may need to lower their dosage or stop taking the supplements if they experience any of the ginkgo biloba side effects. On the other hand, some individuals are not tolerant of ginkgo biloba at any dosage. Therefore, it is important to note whether you are having any ginkgo biloba side effects.

As for those with a clotting disorder, increased bleeding may result as a side effect. Children should not take ginkgo biloba supplements, unless under a doctor’s supervision. One of the main reasons for this has to do with how many children are sensitive to the effects from ginkgo biloba, which raises their risk for ginkgo biloba side effects.

Gastrointestinal disorder

Ginkgo biloba side effect may also result from the ingestion of fruit pulp. Often this results in edema, arrhythmia, severe gastrointestinal problems, in addition to severe itching, which results from the rapid formation of vesicles. Another ginkgo biloba side effect of concern is how it can potentially lead to a negative interaction with antidepressants (MAOI).

Platelet side-effect

It is not recommended that anyone on an oral anticoagulant or anti-platelet therapy take ginkgo biloba, since it is known to cause a negative reaction from the heterogeneous mechanisms. People on warfarin may experience ginkgo biloba side effects, such as bleeding. On the other hand, combining it with thiazide diuretic may result in an increase in blood pressure.


Coma is one of the more severe ginkgo biloba side effects, which may result when taken with trazodone. Another potential side effect is the inhibiting of cortisol release. With that in mind, it becomes apparent that ginkgo biloba side effects have the potential to be severe.

Therefore, it is important to ensure that you take the correct dose. In the end, it is important to monitor for ginkgo biloba side effects, in addition to avoiding taking it if there is reason for concern. As with anything, you should always weigh the pros and cons. In any case, benefits outweigh the drawbacks of taking a ginkgo biloba supplement.

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